- Lesson details
In the final lesson of Glenn Vilppu’s Animal Drawing series, he focuses on our feathered brethren– birds. Their compact resting positions, their elongated gestures during flight, and their wonderful textures offer excellent drawing opportunities. The many different kinds of winged animals share a similar inner structure, but their outer cloak of feathers hides much of their construction. Follow Glenn’s lead to gain an understanding of how to approach drawing birds. The last chapter is a timed assignment for you to practice what you’ve learned. Premium members have hi-res downloads of the same references that Glenn uses, plus others.
Glenn’s approach to drawing animals is similar to his approach to figure drawing-– start with the gesture, then construct and use light to describe form and accentuate movement.
Instead of copying what you see, you will learn the skills necessary to draw animals from imagination. Glenn will start with Comparative Anatomy between humans and animals, and then break down specifics of animal anatomy. Specifics such as knowing what an animal eats and its place in the food chain can be discovered by analyzing its anatomy and structure.
By taking this structural point of view, you will be able to draw any animal from your imagination. This is beneficial to all artists, whether their interest is in Fine Art, Animation, Comics or other fields.
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it's a little different approach to taking and drawing animals but a lot of the
same basic concepts come into play. I think you'll be surprised
to see things like zig zags and stuff still apply
to take and talking about birds. So let's take and
really simple, a really
really simple approach to taking and starting with the birds.
Because birds can be really pretty tricky and
so start with we begin with just
a very, very
beginning sort of idea.
Start out with the idea of a circle.
Okay. Now as we're taking and
working with the circle,
taking and I'm just gonna go through stuff now. We take that
simple sphere and
what's hard about dealing with birds is that
the feathers tend to hide so much.
So what I do - this is sort of a
simplistic way of thinking about to start with is first of all
the legs of a chicken like a
You've got this really simple
thing coming out. And what's usually
hidden is the thigh because
we look at birds and we tend to think that they're bending their legs
backwards because we don't see
everything. Okay if we take this
shape, in other words I can take that round shape
and I can take - we visualize this as almost like on a
platform. Think of the back of this shape is
being relatively flat. And we got this coming
out this way, coming down
through. Okay now
when a bird bends over - now remember
birds are different than our mammals because
they can have any number of bones. So in other words if
we think of this just as something that goes out here like that
okay. But when it bends
over, when that head comes down,
remember birds are really basically
small dinosaurs. Now the tail
is gonna go up and we can
feel all of this stuff taking and going down. So when a bird's
pecking. So we look at the back of
the bird - well later on we'll take and look at some
turkeys. Well in the U.S. we have, you know,
the Thanksgiving turkey. Well if you can imagine
a turkey on your Thanksgiving
table and the back of it is really very flat. That's where all the stuffing
goes in. And you start looking at the shape
that this bird takes
and we've got the neck, we've got the head coming down,
and we've got the thighs and then
the drumsticks coming in. Okay.
So this is your basic shape that we start to
deal with. Now the fact that the back here really is
round okay now the next element that
takes and creates so much difficulty for
people is the wings.
In that most of the times we don't see
unless they're flying but it's hard to actually perceive
how the wings go. So if
we take and I'm just gonna do a little diagramming here again - taking
sort of a three quarter front. Well actually at the same time, let's take and
talk about the head. If we take
the head here, again I'm starting out and I'm gonna turn this a little bit towards us.
So the heads on birds tend to be rather narrower.
In other words if we take this, then we come through
and we do something like this, I'm gonna put the eye in here, and we
can give them even a little bit of a cheek. The biggest distinction
between birds is the beak.
In other words we get - we come down here, you can see I'm just taking and
the opening of the mouth usually can go back quite a ways.
So we have the beak going down here. So here I'm
giving just sort of a canary look.
But if I wanted to turn that into a duck
I'm taking and thinking narrow again, the eyes
well then I come out here and I
put a different kind of a beak on it and the cheeks
a little bit more and so now
Okay. So now we've got two basic elements that
we're working with. Pretty straight forward. You can see
this becomes sort of a cartoony type of way but actually
it helps you to understand when you're looking at the bird
how to go about drawing it. It's a starting point in effect
the way I draw the human figure, not that different.
Okay so now I'm gonna talk about the wings.
So let's take this duck I've got going here.
And we take and we've got the body taking and going back
and we got that big
sternum sticking out. Okay.
And we got the drumstick back here
behind, see the thigh behind, and we got the drumstick coming down
and then we go from there down into here. Okay so this is where
it always looks like we're bending the leg from the wrong -
backwards, but it's just that that's the heel and the
ankle. Okay. So now we've got these points
taking place. Now the wing
is open. Now
if you look you can see their scapula
is very long and narrow and then the wing takes
and goes out like this.
Okay so you've got a choice and you have the fingers out on the end.
Okay. And so the feathers then are taking and
coming out, through, and we get going
off this way. But
we don't see that all the time. What happens is
this takes and closes - this goes up,
this takes and comes forward and so what
we see normally then is we're coming through. Here's
the scapula would be going here. The elbow
now is coming up into here. And this becomes
like what we start to perceive as a shoulder.
through here. And then the feathers then are taking and going
back along the side and this all just bulges
up and we're coming through so we start to see
this bulge through here. Well when I was talking about looking at the back
at the back of the turkey here
well the tail feathers now, they have a little bit of a tail,
the feathers then are taking and coming out and going
back off and they're going around this end.
And all of this will tend to be covered
with the feathers. The wing then is taking
and just seeing it's folded back along here
so this becomes a volume now that takes
and the wing will take and pull back and
come through to this. So this is sort of a
rough idea now with the bird. So what I wanna
do is we're gonna go through drawing some of the birds
and I'll take - because there are other elements that take and come into place
that you take and start to work with. Okay.
Okay this - yesterday
at a neighbors we were having a little get together
and they happen to have goats and chickens. So this is out of my sketchbook.
So I was drawing goats and chickens.
And so as we look at these pages here -
so you can see I was drawing - and grandchildren -
but you see I really start out as very, very
simply. And I'm focusing on
taking and getting the action of the bird and
building it up. And it's the same thing with goats now, we've talked about goats
a number of things. So that's really, really
the beginning point is the very, very, very simple shape
so now as we look at
this particular chicken down, he's just a sort of a back
view of this chicken - I'm gonna start over here
so I begin the drawing
by just very, very simple. Taking, coming through.
And I'm thinking of like the head,
feel the thing, feel the body as an overall
shape that's coming through. Now when I'm doing
this, I'm very conscious of the fact - like I
was taking and showing in the diagrams that I'm working
with and thinking of the back in here,
I'm thinking of where
the thigh is,
where the drumstick would come through
and then we're taking and going down into the feet.
And in this case this guy's taking - or gal, whichever it may be -
got one foot slightly lifted up I think - coming through.
So this is the beginning point. Now from here
I go into taking and thinking
about the head. Now it varies, we're gonna be looking at some chickens and ducks
that are all slightly different
in configuration but so now think of the eye,
very simple. And coming through where the
beak is, which I really don't even see it here. What I get is a bunch of
feathers and the beak would be some place back in here.
Now the feathers as they come through, this is the -
creates a large shape and
pulls out, comes down
and we can feel fairly tight in here, taking and coming out
this way. Now when I was talking about the wings
what we get then is the
scapula would be coming across through here.
Then you feel there's a fullness
that takes place from where the back
is. And then the way the things
fold, they're taking and coming forward
and so we get this fullness in here, in this case
bird is taking the wing, as we come around we
feel the real fullness, the feathers are pushed back
in and when we look at the duck
it'll be a little bit more obvious but what we get
is a pretty much more of the birds have this -
it's like a cape that takes and comes over the feathers.
I'm gonna exaggerate the shape here a little bit. But it's like a cape
that goes over the thing this way
and the feathers are then, the wings often
will tuck in on that. Okay. Now
here with this bird we can see the wing,
we can feel the chest sticking
out and here
the feathers that are going over
the legs. This becomes a real volume
now, we can feel what's going on
over the drumstick and I will take and
go out of my way to emphasize that this is a big volume
we can feel going underneath, coming through,
and then the heel would be here.
And then I'm coming down they have a spur
coming out and feet coming through.
This'll be - when we look at the eagles you'll see a little bit more
but remember now that the back of this is
really round. And so we have
a real broad back shape
to the bird. And this case I mentioned to you
we actually have a tail bone and tail is sticking out here
so these feathers now are taking and coming up
and are going over - these feathers are now pushing out
and we're building from this
as we come through. Now you try to as
you're doing this, you gotta remember these feathers are coming out and sort of
a semi circle and so we have
feathers on the other side
and so I'm really thinking of this as a volume
back here. And so we're getting a lot of
stuff happening in here and we can see
it from both sides and all of this now
is a really broad
area. Relatively flat. Now I'm
drawing this chicken that's sort of going away.
So as I'm drawing this now in drawing the figure
I'm going over the surface,
feel the forms as they go back. Now
then push this anywhere near as much as I could have,
it's really, really building up. Now
you take and
first visualize these as volumes.
Then as we get in within that volume
again a very similar - then we start to
see the feathers.
Now you don't try to draw every feather. What we
do is we take and
indicate a few. And in that indication
then, we take and give the impression
and the viewer
will then take and start to fill in
the rest for you. So I'm coming through, now I'm thinking
of the side of the head, feel all of this going back in,
coming through. So there's
thickness here. This neck is really - these feathers are really
broad area here. This is turning away now. Keep in mind this is
a whole thing and I use the feathers
to go over the surface to take and
draw the roundness. So I'm
constantly going over the form
and if I'm drawing feathers I'm doing it take and show
the three dimensional elements of the drawing
feel the pull and here we can see these forms
now are taking and pulling out in front
and we get this thing. Fullness here coming out underneath,
Okay so as a
child I've had chickens at home
So as I said my neighbors have chickens
and ducks and geese and all kinds of animals.
So okay, I live out in the country.
So okay there's our first shot but you saw
I'm building it up just from very, very, very
simple forms that begin with. Okay let's look at
something else. Okay now
again, this takes and illustrates what I was
talking about before. So I start out with the idea
of just this simple sphere. And
as the bird comes down this
way, the rear end
goes up. So now we're talking about
the basic shape and you can see
how simple that shape is as we start to build.
Then the tail taking and going up
the basic thing now so now we can think of the
thigh is here.
drumstick now in this case the drumstick is taking and
coming down, we can actually see
the joint coming through. And then we get
the leg coming forward into here.
The other leg behind, coming through.
So in just in drawing the other animals I made such an issue
out of seeing the
basic structure but if notice that we're talking about a
leg. That's our zigzag pattern that we've been talking about so much.
That's exactly the same thing. Now the difference between
with this bird now, starting out and thinking of the center of the eyes.
The head. We can see the eyes here
and he's got a cheek
and then it's the beak. Now this guy's
got a pretty violent beak. If you've ever had
chickens, you would know
that chickens can actually be pretty
brutal with other chickens. They tend to cannibalize.
They take and they will delegate and
they will actually peck other chickens to death.
Okay so coming through. Now he's got the classic
cone going up. So we
got this shape coming down, through in here.
Pulling all the way across and of course the
it's a bright red. So
we find that we've got - and this, the
elements here can vary and then we have
coming down, which double. You
got one on both sides, coming down. So now
getting a basic, basic chicken. So as
I draw this then you can see the line
now as we build this up now
right away you should be conscious of the fact that you can feel
the sense of the idea of the shoulder on
one side, you can see both sides
and the way the
wing has been folded coming back here
then it's going back down into here.
And we can feel the feathers now coming through so this is really
sort of classic shape that's
coming through. And as we come from here we can think of where the sternum would be,
which is of course the
area where all the white meat
is coming through and we can feel the back
coming up. So the overall
shape then. Then we're picking up the feathers. Now here
is where we have the cape. And you can see it
taking and going over. See this feather's here, this is now
part of the wings. These things are taking and
coming over the thing. The wings can
even tuck in underneath that and particular
in water birds. Then we're getting
the feathers that are taking and going up.
And building up in there. So now we're coming through
you can feel the feathers here, full
coming in, stopping at the elbow or
heel, then we're coming down
and then taking and coming out.
And the posing
Notice almost out of
habit I gave the guy sort of a nasty look.
If you've ever tried to take and get a -
draw a chicken smiling
that's a trick.
But it's usually something very
simple. Here let me take
and see if I can make this guy smile. I was
really coming through here - it's really - also the eyes, they have a tendency
to feel pretty nasty to start with so if I just take and
pick this up and give it a little bit more questioning look
and then I come back in and
and just that much,
smiling chicken. Just
is how you play with the feathers, taking and coming around.
I've taken and
worked with studios helping them to take
or to take and create expressions on various animals.
Okay. Start coming through. But it can be very, very, very tricky.
So now if you think of the volume here you can see
where there's a light side and a shadow side. And we can take
and we build
volume. You think - you have to really think
of this as the large volumes.
It's spherical forms
that whole neck area is a big rounded area
and so it has a pull
to it. And you can feel the whole -
what I'm calling the cape is a big rounded
area and we can feel the
forms coming out and in this case the tail is almost like weather vane.
Okay. Now I've shortened the distance here and
exaggerated the sides of the legs
but the head is a little larger than it would normally be.
Okay now here the
dynamics of a goose or a duck
and the shapes can be - what a lot of them
will have different kinds of configurations on their heads
underneath. What we can see - I'm more interested
right now in sort of a whole
thing. And again you start out
very simple and I'm just taking and following through with the lines
that basic shape now
And it seems like I'm getting these
a lot of like three quarter
views but that's actually - so
I wanna think and you can see that we're really looking at this sort of flat end here
and this is it's floating
and coming through. Think of where the water is at.
And here if you can visualize this now
we've got - and I'm breaking this down into very, very, very simple shapes
now. Got it coming around the rear end
you can really feel this
squared off part, visualize thinking of
where the thigh is.
And then the drumstick now part of this is
we can see that just under the water
is the heel. And then that's taking and coming
forward under the water, going through. And then
we can see it on both sides now. Okay so
but it's this big shape here.
What you're seeing then as we come into this is
the big wings
feathers. I'm taking and coming back
and here's where I take and
I indicate fragments of things to take and give you the sense
of the whole. Now one of the things that we're seeing here, which
we did not see in the chicken, okay in here
your water birds, they'll have a cape coming across
the back and up off the front. So what
you're seeing is this groups of feathers now
overlapping the wings
okay and coming around.
In other words we can feel the corner here and then we're
feeling the feathers and stuff are taking and the wing will be going back up
into here and we start to see the configuration then
of these figures. So we're getting, coming around
secondary now this stuff right here coming out
on top. This is the cape from on top.
This is taking and coming around. So if I exaggerate this
now you've got these feathers here
are taking and again are coming on top
of the wing. This stuff here - and you can see
how the pattern, if you take and visualize this,
now first it's the pattern of forms that are taking and
going around and building this up. So
you've got this capes coming through. Then underneath that
we have the actual wing
and here you'd get an overlapping, you try to see
the feathers as being overlapping.
And it's usually a good - now what I'll do here, an exaggeration, think of the
center of the quill and then I'll take and
give some indication that this is
actually a feather. Now for each bird or
what we find or a goose or whatever, they have unique -
there are unique patterns to everything. So
now even here as the tail feathers stick
you can see the others are taking and going
around this volume and what's really
good here, you can really look at this and you can see
that this - and I'm drawing the overall shape now. You can see
this pulling, this is a volume now that's fitting in.
And so we take and you can visualize
this shape now as we're coming through.
Now that goes along with now what we're seeing
the end here this is a
large platform, black - not black, flat
end. Okay so we're building the
elements now and if we can take and carry
further we start to take and indicate and we can see this is going underneath
and we can start to see a little bit
of the - I can't help but calling it a
In here in other words the water
is taking and going through. Now we go back
to the front. We can start to see now we're taking and
all of this is taking and
coming around and
as you're drawing the neck
this is like a cylinder that's you're going back over,
coming around. Okay. And
in this case we're seeing this guy, he's
taking and turned away from us, he's got a bit of a knob here,
eye, and we actually see
the underside here and we're picking up
this shape underneath. And he's got a really
prominent beak that
comes down. I remember as a
child being chased by geese. They can
actually terrorize you.
Okay. Through. And then the
feathers, the feathers I would take and come through and again you start
to work around and they become lines for you.
Okay so what we do then,
going back, now we have
these cape of feathers that are pulling up from the bottom
and we take the feathers that are coming down from the top
building on top of this thing so
so that you've got all of this stuff happening
and it has - fits into a basic
shapes that we've been talking about. But we've got these volumes
that are going back around, flat across the end. So
everything is the same here now.
I'm showing you this particular drawing
is because, first of all the head
very similar. Now as I start this I'm taking again
a very simple spherical
As you can see I draw very lightly. Going across
like all the animals I'm going across
but also here with the
thing, with the birds I try to show, think
of this as a plane on the side of the head.
the eyes here now,
here's where we take and the beak is a critical part
with an eagle. First we feel the shape here, feel this
beak coming forward. And
it's really - now this is all
of your hawks taking and doing - vultures
or even turkeys. But notice now this is a characteristic
of a lot of the birds now.
That the beak takes and goes back
quite a ways.
Back through here.
Okay and the size of the upper
okay. So now so we've got this
and again the characteristics of the eagle
we have this brow in here. In this
case we can see the white
the eyes were looking. So we got a pretty
gruesome look there. Now we can feel this going back.
So this head would be taking
and turning. You can feel the flow
how this goes back in.
And so I'm thinking of the neck and
visualizing the body going through.
Which we're really not seeing.
I really picked this photograph for the
face and what we see in the wings.
Okay so now we've got this coming through.
Got a profile, or not probably but we can feel the side.
Now as the guy is turning this now
here is where we take
and we feel the overlapping
of these forms coming around. Feel the head coming behind
we can feel the feathers now pulling out.
that the difference in the kinds of feathers
that we have, very fine
ones. If you've ever plucked a chicken you would know
there's a big variety of the kind of feathers that you're
working with. Okay now we go back into the
body. What we're seeing now is the shorter
And here is now
and after this we'll take and look at another thing where we look at it from the back.
But we'll see that the wing is going down,
and then has changed direction again and it will go down.
So what we're seeing is the way he's standing here
with his wings taking and coming out
this way. Now
I just have to look at my drawing because we've been talking about making birds smile
and I made this eagle smiling. Okay.
And probably got the beak could even
be a little bit tighter in here. Okay
so we got - now look at how full
this corner looks. So you can really
you can really see now the elbow.
This will be coming through in here and as we
come forward, this is the wrist.
As we're coming around. So
all of this in this particular bird now you can feel
the view that we're getting, you can feel all these
coming through and if
we could see the rest of this we would be getting these big long feathers
coming down and
as you come through, the body is in here, going back,
and the tail feathers then taking and coming
out behind. We're gonna look - let's look at the back here.
Okay now from this back view,
we get a lot of the same - we can see the wings, the way they work a bit better.
Take and thinking of the head, he's got
his arms. Now when I'm doing this I'm consciously
just thinking okay we're going from here
to the elbow to up
and then out. So in other words there are zigzags.
So from here, going up,
and out. Okay and
you visualize the roundness. In the photograph here you're seeing
some pretty exaggerated shadows on here, which
are giving us a little bit of a distortion. So we're coming through,
the body would be coming, feathers,
that the tail feathers make when they come out
actually takes and gives you
a significant - helps to identify what kind of bird
you're working with. Because, for instance where I live
we have hundreds if not thousands of ravens.
But the first impression is you think that they're crows.
But they're not crows they're ravens, because of the way the
tail, raven's tails I believe is taking and
straighter shape coming back whereas the crow's
will be a little bit broader. Okay so you're taking and that
makes a difference there. Now as we come back over the top here
you can see the fullness in here
and we can feel the shape coming through.
You can feel the - notice the feathers that are taking and coming
through, across, overlapping. And that's in sense like the cape idea.
Taking and coming over the top.
Through in here. The body is coming down.
Now from here you can see what we get is
an arrangement, a different arrangement of the feathers, we got
this coming down, we're going to feel
this pull through in here. And then the bend
and then we're taking and going up
And so then we get the feathers
coming through here and these will tend to be a
little bit straighter arrangement coming across
and then when we get the primary ones out here,
they're really taking and
but we can feel, you think of where the fingers are in here
and these become an extension
of these fingers. And so you can see the scale
of these things, how they go. So
you can see the zigzag pattern.
This. The same exactly that I've been
talking about with all of our animals.
And probably you could even talk about those
in terms of humans. So you build
And here where going, here's my -
one of my favorites. Okay but this is really, you can see
now if we take and start with this turkey
everything seems to apply now see. Come through,
simple head. They got a very strange, long beak.
And the way all these waddles are taking and coming down,
you try to follow through as you're
drawing this to try to see what's going on.
Coming through. So now I'm drawing just this
sort of skinny neck. And then I would be taking and seeing
okay here's the body going back
in and it's taking and going through.
So i've just undressed
our turkey. Okay.
So it's really - the tail feathers
that would eventually be coming out of here, the
the angle looking slightly down we're not seeing the drumstick
hidden amongst all of this stuff that's going on in here.
Okay. But you can see I start out with
the same basic configuration.
When you look at him he's really fluffing up
everything. So what we see then
well let's start with the first, let's deal with the head.
It's rather - they have a narrow
Coming through. And we can see the beak actually
tends to come from pretty far up here. Long,
narrow, and this guy's got an incredible amount
waddles that take and come - it's, you know it's not - the look
is not that different from say, a vulture.
Coming around. Okay now
everything here is -
he's right at the base here and we can see the roundness of the neck.
What this bird has done now
is he's fluffing up and so what we
see is you look at the shape, all of the feathers
now have been pushed out. He's taking and
trying to improve other.
So we can feel the building up, building up
coming through. All -
and notice you use these feathers then
as a way of taking and describing because it's like -
they're like shingles. We take and we pull them around,
pull them around.
Working around the other side, you can see them coming around. These are like
contour maps. As they take and we come around
the bird. Okay this all -
this is going down. Okay. Now from here the wing
is in here. All of this becomes part
of the cape idea
coming across and expanding in here. And
then we're building
from here and now the feathers, tail, all of this stuff,
is being pushed up until we finally get
up into the big display
of these forms in here. These are all building up
around that tail. We can feel,
as you come back, you think in here of where the folding
bone is, coming back,
coming down, in, out,
down. And so at this point now you're starting to see
all of these feathers now pushing
out. Pushing out and
with the cape is coming around over the top, this way
and so all of this is for show.
Okay feathers coming down. This is part of the cape
coming out, you still got the ring, we got the fingers coming down
All of this builds up. And of course the
bands, the bands of color.
Bands, these things work. Okay.
Again, the basic wings.
looking in this direction, so what
I would do here is to take and as I'm doing this,
to help get the direction I would actually be thinking of this
like a box. Pretty much basic
the way I do a lot of analysis
on the figure, the human figure.
Building. You can see the direction on that as I'm doing it.
Now from that, we can
put in the beak which is going back
and coming out.
Again, I make a point here of seeing how far back it goes,
Well I'm gonna really
and what we're doing is we're seeing the underside now,
see where we're going with the box idea say you can feel
that this is underneath.
Okay. We're fitting in here. This is
the - actually the - for breathing.
Okay. Nostril. Okay now we can feel
the bone and
we can feel that pull of the feathers across
the eye, fitting in
Through. And we feel the pull
along side. So I'm always going over the surface
first of the form as I'm drawing. Now I started this out a little bit detailed
but now we take and feel,
feel where this will be going in. The neck
fitting into a body
which is taking and going back. Now here is where we would take and
begin visualizing this as a volume
that's taking and going back in.
From here you can see
now the scapula will be coming through
in here. Going back, going back along
the body. Then we get the forearm
is really short. This is the
elbow. And now we're coming out into here.
into the fingers. Again, zigzag.
So clear. And we can feel in the corner
coming down. This is taking and pulling down
and you can see now as this
comes in, we can feel this stuff coming out. So there's really
a 3D component there. Now
come down you can see the characteristic shape
of the white
So it's the pattern, the pattern of the feathers.
that often is what really signifies
the bird. And with bird watchers that's what they do.
It's the patterns that are being made.
And in the center we would have
the sternum, which is where the
muscles now, all of the big muscles, the
flight muscles. And so we can feel the fullness
of the chest. Coming through.
Back here and the other side going back in, coming
out. And we go over that
surface, coming around.
And in this case the guy's got his feathers going back
coming through. Now this is a - I should
have started this on a clean piece of paper. I'm trying to conserve here.
But taking, coming back,
the leg and then going back in and then coming forward.
Coming through. It's coming around on the other side.
Then taking, going back, and coming forward.
So here we get a - now the eagle
on contrast to a lot of the other
you can see that the feathers are coming
way, way down in to the
where the feet are. So
it looks - sometimes when you're looking at them you
swear it looks like they've got pants on.
So we're coming through. Now this case you notice the
really the talons are very sharp
coming up, going over,
okay but more than anything here I'm really thinking
of the pattern of the wings. The shape
and the process of breaking this down
of seeing a pattern
that everything is making.
Okay. Let's take and
a moment here and look at the work that's been
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