- Lesson Details
Expert animal draftsman and painter, Joe Weatherly, breaks down the complex subject of animal anatomy using clear and easy to understand concepts. You will learn how to tackle a wide range of animal types and you will gain a methodology for quickly drawing any new animal with confidence and force. In this video lesson, Joe explains the critical muscles and bones to analyze when dealing with animal anatomy and explains their relative importance. Joe will draw a horse, starting with the basic forms and skeleton working from the skeleton outwards.
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Joe Weatherly breaks down the complex subject of animal
anatomy using clear and easy to understand concepts. In this
video lesson, Joe analyzes the bones of the hind limb. After
drawing horse, lion, and human hind limbs, Joe compares each to
each other. You will also learn how to construct the muscular
anatomy of a canine from the side view.
the skeleton of the back, back of the animal.
The key means to propulsion, which are the back legs.
Okay, so this is going to going to include the hip bone or the
So what we'll do is we'll start with
the hind limb of a horse
and do a couple comparisons from there. So right now I'm
just laying in the general direction of things and
at the top, upper upper leg bone, and then goes to the lower leg
into the foot and onto the toes. So let's take and break
these down into
their specific components.
Okay starting here. So what I'm doing is I'm working the femur
that area right there of the pelvis.
And the femur itself
is a pretty big bone.
It's got this giant tuberosity on the edge of it called the
trochanter. So femur is a thick heavy bone of the
thigh. This is the one that's buried inside the body. This is
the one that you don't see, what you see coming out of the lower
area of the animal is actually the lower leg. So think about
this one as being
locked up into the inside there with the quadriceps and the
hamstrings on each side of it. Now the
outer side of the top head of the femur right here
expands into the great trochanter. Okay, that is
almost covered all the way on a horse. It's a very prominent
landmark on a human but you still can see there's still
some evidence of the great trochanter. Even though muscles
are covering it. But down here at the bottom you have the
spool-like trochlea and that has two large condyles in the
back of it. All right. So back up here to the pelvis, pelvis
basically consists of two bones, the haunch bones,
there - well there's three bones in the pelvis: the ischium, ilium, and
the pubis. But up here at the top this is the ilium
area. So the crest and the crest is a plate like portion
that faces upward in the horse and outward on the dog and cat.
And this back here is the ischium. Okay, the ischium is
the back side, so the posterior rear view area.
All right. Now this is all important for landmarks. Iliac
crest very important, ischium very important, as is the the
pubic bone. And there's a very large muscle called the - or
a section called the abdominal tunic that's going to butt up
against the pubic bone. So very very strong muscle attachment
there for the stomach.
Okay. I also noted the patella above the -
or the kneecap which glides on the troclea of the
And below all that we get the lower leg.
Lower leg is the tibia and the fibula that makes up the bones
of the lower leg.
Tibia is a large - it's a large bone. It really supports the
weight of the body.
Okay, working our way down into the
We get the hind foot and that consists of the tarsus
and the calcaneus.
Calcaneus being the heel and it's very prominent. It's a
backward projection that sticks up beyond the ankle joint.
It's also the attachment place for the Achilles tendon, the
gastrocnemius, and the soleus.
All right down into the metatarsals.
And then finally the digits of the hind limb, similar to the
There is a single metatarsal on the horse.
And right into the
hoof right here.
Okay, so let's mark these, femur.
Again, very thick bone of the thigh.
And once again, this is a horse.
The tibia and the fibula,
which is part of the hind foot.
Tarsus which is sort of equivalent to the wrist. That's
the ankle, where it bends.
Metatarsus, think of your foot bone, the top of your foot.
Okay, this is an animal that is
digitigrade. So the locomotion is
catering is something that walks on its toes. All rights let's do
the rhythm sweep here. So this is what you're probably
going to draw more when you're drawing, when you're laying in
the drawing. Okay, it's the rhythm of these long
sweeping motions, drawing from the shoulder here.
But it's not just the rhythm. It's the connections.
So this is the key to understanding how to draw back
leg of an animal.
So it's, you know, pelvis into femur into tib-fib into the
calcaneus into the metatarsals into the actual
Learn this, learn where the joints are. There's not that
many of them and then you can bend the leg any way it can
bend and you can actually start to draw animals walking, running,
And it's going to look right if you understand this.
All right. Let's do a comparison here. We have this,
do a carnivore now.
Again, the pelvis is more narrow.
Hard to see, hard to compare that from a side view, but just
trust me on that one and then look at a anatomy book, you'll
see how much wider the pelvis of a horse or an ox is or an
ungulate that eats plants as opposed to a carnivore that has
a very narrow pelvis. Especially a cat, may be the most narrow
of all the carnivores is the cat because of the way they
hunt, the way they maneuver, the way they jump. They need that
Okay, always note how the pelvis is tipping down on
It's fairly horizontal on an ox or a cow, but it's still
tipping down slightly, but it's tipping down quite a bit in
most other animals and this is the actual box shape we use
when we're drawing the pelvis.
Okay, sacrum flows right through there into the tail.
And by the way, this is a feline.
Femur leaves the haunch bone, which is the pelvis.
So this might be more of a typical position for a cat.
Now we have the patella right there. There's a ligament that
comes down that I haven't drawn and that
takes us into the tibia below that. So when you're thinking of
the tibia and the fibula area above that you have the
patella. So since the tibia actually
comes close to the surface, sort of subcutaneous.
So we get the tube the tibial tuberosity there.
All right, and that is a bump. There's going to be two bumps,
going to have the patella and the tibia and those are
very very prominent bumps in the front of the leg.
Here I'm going with the fibula.
It becomes the ankle joint on the feline, comes all the way
down into the
metatarsal area and the calcaneus.
So we get the tarsus and
The actual toes themselves, the phalanges.
Now remember the feline well in this particular case, the lion
has retractable claws. They look different than the the
Here I've done very simply but you can see how they kind
of pull back to the sides.
Okay now I want to compare this to a human.
Again comparative anatomy is really really important when it
comes to understanding the difference between humans and
animals. So the more you can compare the two, the easier
animal drawing and animal anatomy is going to come to
All right, there's the haunch bones or the human pelvis.
With the sacrum and the vestigial vertebrae.
Or the tailbone coming off of the end of that.
The section right there is a tuberosity of the ischium or
the sit bones, the bones we sit on. There's an opening for the
femur or the acetabulum.
That's the socket where we get the ball and socket rotation of
the leg. Okay femur on a human is the longest femur
around. So it's - the human has the longest femur then
the carnivores do and then you get down to the ungulates with
the shortest femurs.
All right the patella with this ligament.
Kneecap with its ligament and tibia.
And then fibula and the fibula
lower on the outside becomes the ankle.
Okay. So this is the human
propped up on its toes. So we have a human in the same
position as a lion or most of these other animals are at all
Animals that walk on their digits.
Okay how the heel sticking up there.
And the human's propped up on those phalanges, those toes.
clarify some things.
Zone in on the tip of the femur
with the patella
as it hits the tibia.
and fibula below that.
Okay let's go for a different color here to describe the
skinnier part of the lower leg, the fibula slender bone that
lies on the outside of the tibia.
Okay, the upper head is a very important bony landmark, does
not articulate with the femur or the knee joint.
This lower end reaches all the way down to the ankle.
And again forms the outer ankle in dogs, cats, some primates.
In the horse, the fibula doesn't reach the ankle but
rather tapers to a point halfway down the lower leg so
fused, fused together somewhat.
Okay, zoning in on the calcaneus, the most prominent
The heel bone is the simple term for it.
And then that group right there.
And the metatarsals themselves.
And noting how the dog walking on its toes.
So understanding this is the key to some good paw
construction. If you want to get some - draw some nice paws
from different angles you have to understand not only the pads
of the paws underneath them but also the structure of the toes.
And doing a lot of skeletal studies of the feet like this
is really helpful for that.
And one more for the road. Let's can't that's compare the
Horse's lower leg.
Okay, some cube like bones are in the tarsus.
The single metatarsus.
Okay walking on the tiptoe
of the phalanges right there.
Three phalangeal joints.
Sesamoid bone is the one sticking out right
there above the first phalange. Angie.
So the tibia as it goes over
the metatarsal joint.
Okay. So there we have the hind limb of the quadrupeds compared
to a human for you.
Skeleton of the hind limb.
With one more simplified view there showing the pivot
points of the joints, stick figure as it were.
Big demonstration here. This is going to be a full side view of
the musculature of an animal. So this is going to be canine. This
is actually a wolf, tell by the way it carries its head low.
So I've laid in the skeleton here and giving myself the
basic outline to make this, you know, go a lot smoother.
And this is going to be very long and a lot of what we're
going to cover the whole body as much as possible with the
superficial muscles of this animal. So sit back, relax,
enjoy the show, and we'll start from the top. Okay this is
going to be the brachiocephalicus, otherwise known as the asst otherwise known as the
cephalic humeral muscle. Okay, and this is the large mass, this
really creates that bulk up there at the top of the neck.
And on a dog the origin is the middle or the midline on the
back and the front half of the neck. And
also the base of the skull a little bit right there behind
the ear. And then it inserts down the lower half of the humerus.
Its structure actually, you know, the way it's described in
the books is the upper portion of the brachiocephalicus is
divided into the superficial part.
And that is the cleido part, the cleidocervicalis
Deeper part is the cleidomastoid. mastoid.
Remember this muscle is going over and covering the biceps.
Descending right over the shoulder joint there, the
point of the shoulder.
Okay, budding up next to that behind it on the shoulders we have
the trapezius or the traps.
Okay neck portion and thoracic portion. So two sections here.
origin of this muscle is the midline of the lower portion of
the back of the neck and the front portion of the thorax.
So again, two portions: neck portion and rib cage with
It's originating on top of those neck vertebrae
and inserting right there on the spine of the scapula.
Well, the neck portion is inserting on the spine of the scapula.
The thoracic portion is inserting a little bit
down on the spine, up there on the thoracic vertebrae
Okay in the carnivore, this muscle is thicker than the feline -
excuse me on the horses. So
you get that especially in some of the cats you get that
really massive neck behind the brachiocephalicus and this
muscle is contributing to that size.
Now remember the action of the trapezius is to pull the
shoulder blade up.
Okay. So what I'm doing now is showing a couple of muscles
that peep through behind the brachiocephalicus.
Pink one is a little bit of that supraspinatus. So we see
that's on the front of the shoulder blade there, that's
peeping through and we'll see that in another section as
And in the red there, that is the omotransversarius muscle.
So on the dog and the feline that one originates in the
lower end of the side of the first neck vertebrae, inserting
into the lower end of the spine of the shoulder blade.
Okay, very big on a cat.
Very narrow strap like muscle, tapered at the upper end,
and located on the side of the neck. And then okay in green
there same as the pink that's a little bit of the supraspinatus
Now we're going to come around and hit the deltoid.
Okay, so the acromial portion, remember there's the scapular
portion and the acromial portion or the spinal portion
of the acromial portion. But that chromium portion is
originating at the lower end of the spine of the scapula.
Spinal portion originates in the spine of the scapula.
But insertion point is about a third of the way down to the
humerus. So the outside of the humerus.
And that larger spinal portion there dives under the acromial
portion towards the point of their common insertion on the
Deltoid flexes the shoulder joint, pulls the forelimb away
from the body.
Okay the large muscles behind the biceps, the triceps. So
even much much bigger on a horse, but very muscular on a
dog. We have a long head and the lateral head here.
Long head originates on the rear border of the scapula,
lateral head on the upper outer surface of the scapula.
Insertion is into the elbow olecranon process of the ulna.
So this muscle extends the elbow and flexes the shoulder
Okay coming in there with some black outline to really make
these shapes clear cut.
Really simplifies things and makes it easier to learn that
way. Very graphic, very designed.
Okay, this muscle is called the sterno occipitalus and as
the name suggests the
origin is going to be
occipital ridge of the skull
and inserts on the tip of the sternum there, which is
being hidden at the side view. side of you.
well it comes in front of the sterno occipitalus.
It inserts onto a deeper plane onto the base of the skull, the
ear hole. So right behind the ear hole on the skull we have
the insertion point for the
sternomastoid which is equivalent to the sternomastoid
Okay, this is the sternohyoid and it originates in deep
surface of the front end of the sternum and the front edge of
the cartilage of the first rib, comes up, inserts onto the
hyoid bone, the the floating bone within the throat.
Also the bulge of the cartilage there might be evident on most
of the subjects. The area that we see is the top part, the
sternohyoid. That's actually the one that comes to the
surface right underneath the jaw.
Okay, the latissimus dorsi, large thin triangular muscle
lies in the side of the chest.
Relatively thin, allowing the mass of the serratus muscles
underneath to kind of show through.
And some of the individual ribs.
And the latissimus begins as a wide tendon fused to the back of
the spinal muscles right there. So that's what the part we see
kind of going up into the hips is.
The front part of that muscle kind of merges underneath the
trapezius and then passes over the rear corner of the shoulder
blade and also over the infraspinatus.
halfway down or about a third of the way down actually on the
Along with the common tendon of the teres major.
And on a dog or a canine the inserting end, the front end of
the muscle is much wider than a horse. A horse is almost like a
human, very narrow as it goes into the humerus.
And what that does is it brings the lower edge of the
latissimus closer to the bottom of the chest before passing
under the triceps. So there's less space there covering more of
the serratus muscles.
Okay, there it is kind of passing over the edge of the
Okay, so the form here that I'm trying to put some tone into is
the loins. It's also where the the facial part of the
latissimus dorsi is kind of going into the hips. But got to
really feel this area how it rolls over on animals and takes
on some tone underneath the cylindrical form of the back.
So notice how we've grouped this shape up. We have the
latissimus obviously, it's sort of got two sections but
that is like one shape that of the rib cage part that unites
with the hips with that lumbar part. So
you'll start seeing that now in almost every animal you draw,
even if it's something like an ox or a horse it's still going to
be that section. It's just not going to be as pronounced in
the lumbar area. So that's
good to know
about, you know, thinking about these things in sections.
Okay, so down here we have the pectoralis minor and that
originates on most of the sternum on the dog, except for
its front tip. And from the surface of the front end of the
abdomen near the xiphoid process, inserting into the
inner surface of the humerus like most of the pectoralis
This muscle also has the name of pectoralis profundus.
Coming in now
is the great external oblique.
And what I'm doing, I'm trying to fan some of that off
of the ribs and serratus muscles, so
I'm not just like randomly putting this on, I'm sort of
going over that the rib cage I had below and pinpointing a few
of these ribs and where this muscle kind of goes into,
overlaps into. Now this is
a large muscle composed of a muscular band that curves
upward on the side of the body and
you know, it has a very large tendon that goes into the
So it helps to embrace part of the side of the rib cage and
the entire abdomen really. Think about you know, the side of
your body. You have the external oblique there
just below the serratus muscles and going kind of going over
On the dog, it's going to originate on the last nine or
ten ribs and fascia between the ribs.
in the side of the surface of the spinal muscles.
So up underneath the lumbar region there
inserting on to the
linea alba, which is the midline of the abdomen, abdominal tunic
from the sternum
all the way to the pelvis of the pubic bone.
Okay the serratus ventralis, very large muscular fans out
obviously up into the neck. Now the structure of this muscle is
covered - mostly covered by other muscles, especially the
latissimus dorsi, which that plus the latissimus dorsi adds
to the fullness of the side of the rib cage near the
It also conceals the forms of the underlying ribs. Now those
ribs covered only by the latissimus
can be seen on the surface.
So in other words a few of those serratus muscles are
popping through, not many. You see more in the horse.
Okay. Now I'm just going in and sort of outlining some of the
fibers of the external oblique and how it kind of
wedges into the
middle of the serratus ventralis muscles. trayless muscles
Okay back to the hindquarters here,
going on top of the pelvis with the gluteus medius.
Beginning thin in the front and then getting kind of massive or
thicker as it goes back.
The origin spot is the outer surface of the front end of the
ilium of the pelvis and from the ligament connecting the
sacrum to the ilium.
Insertion upper end of the femur.
Now the action of the gluteus medius is extending the hip
joint and pulling the limb away from the body. So it extends
the hip joint and that makes it important for jumping, any kind
of propulsion. And behind this
smaller muscle but this muscle is called the gluteus
superficialis and the origin is going to be the sacrum,
the first tail vertebrae, and the front half of the ligament
connecting the sacrum to the ischial tuberosity. So there's
a - there's actually some ligament there
that this muscle fuses upon and then the insertion point is
going to be the outer surface of the femur
just behind the insertion point for the gluteus medius.
Very thin V-shaped muscle
converging on the femur like I said.
Now the front portion is partly covered by and also attached to
the tensor fascia muscle.
Rear portion sits on top of the gluteus medius.
And the very rear edge is going to be covered by the hamstrings or
the biceps femoris.
Okay, here's a long muscle, the sartorius.
Origin point. Well the front portion originates in the line
on the front end of the pelvis.
Like a strap coming down and then the rear portion
on the line of the lower edge of the front of the pelvis. So
you can only see that from a front view. From the side view
you only see looks like one muscle but actually has two
portions, one right next to each other.
Now the insertion point is
going to go all the way down to the upper end of the
What this muscle does is flex the hip joint,
pulls the leg towards the center of the body.
And then here we have next to it the
thickened, well the triangular shaped muscle called the tensor
And the origin spotted this muscle is lower edge of the
front of the pelvis.
And also the surface of the gluteus medius, which you can
see is right below the orange gluteus muscle and the
insertion point is into the fascia covering the thigh
So just kind of blends in right there with the quadriceps.
Okay, go for the big mass now in the back, the hamstrings.
Otherwise known as the biceps femoris.
It's a big muscle, it's got a lot going on.
It's got a superficial head which originates on the outer
corner of the ischiatic tuberosity tuberosity.
at the rear end of the pelvis.
So the ischium basically
Deeper head originates at the bottom of the outer corner of
the ischiatic tuberosity.
And the insertion point is the fascia of the leg. So it's
blending into -
there's a fascia in the front that it kind of blends into.
And then ultimately that's going to end up attaching
itself to the patella.
The patella ligament and also the front end of the tibia and
a little bit of the heel bone. So it's a complex muscle. You
got to - you got to check it out in the books, break it down.
Okay, again, very wide muscle that begins, narrow at the
pelvis, and then fans out to cover the rear portion of the
animal almost taking up the whole outside of the thigh.
What it does is it extends the hip joint.
Also helps to flex the knee joint
Okay, semi tendinosis. Long muscle that begins on the top
of the base of the tail, passes down on the back of the thigh,
and ends up on the upper end of the tibia.
Basically, it's the muscle that forms the profile of the
animal. It's the last muscle you see in a side view. On the
canine the origin outer corner of the rear end of the pelvis.
And the insertion is a front edge of the tibia about a
fourth of the way down
and also it goes to the heel bone.
Okay, very elongated muscle.
Okay now, the tail has many individual muscles actually.
I'm just going to do a real quick color here to group up
the tail muscles. There's actually
a total of twelve muscles in an animal's tail. Six per side. And
they, you know, they're very complex.
Not so much so important for the artist to know every single
one of those muscles, but you know, you want
to make sure that you know the muscles there so that when you
say you're going to draw or do - paint a cat or a lion or
something like that that has very thick muscular tail, it
feels like it has muscle in it and it's not just, you know,
like a stuffed animal or just hanging there. So know that. I
mean, but there is a lot going on there with the tail muscles.
Okay, very thick,
club shaped muscle.
It forms a bulge of the calf and it begins on the lower end
of the femur and ends into the heel bone. And there is a very
large tendon that locks onto the heel bone there. Achilles
So with the - in the dog, there's no facial band coming off the
origin of the outer head of the gastrocnemius.
And also in the dog, the gracilis muscle sends an
additional tendinous band to the common calcaneal tendon so
stuff to look at here in the book
to kind of break that down if you want to get into more
detail, but just think about it as having a lateral head, the
big fleshy part, and then the Achilles tendon which goes on to
the calcaneus bone. Alright, so some extensor muscles here.
Extensor digitorum longus, otherwise known as the
extensor pedis. That was the one in orange.
And then in front of that we have the tibialis cranialus,
the tibialis anterior in humans. That's
what - that's
you know compare it to.
Okay, origin is the vertical line on the outer side of the
tibia. Just outside of the front edge.
And inserting on to the edge of the foot all the way
down to the tarsal mass.
Or the inner metatarsals actually.
Okay I'm gonna come down and just sort of draw more the outline
of the wolf and
the paw so basically drawing the structure of the paw over
those simplified metatarsal
bones and also the phalanges there.
Okay got to really make it feel like the foot is up on its toes
so to speak.
Okay as we come along the inside of the thigh here
we have a couple, we have the gracilis, which is - the gracilis which is
takes up quite a bit of the inside of the thigh.
Origin is the line of the midline at the bottom of the
Insertion all the way down into the inside of the tibia and
also into the heel bone.
Anyways, the gracilis
is very wide, thin, somewhat rectangular muscle.
Gracilis was in green and what was in red right there was
the sartorius, it's the end of the sartorius as it comes down into
the inside of the leg.
Alright now I want to take a look at the inside of the arm, the flexors.
Okay, this muscle on the edge here is the flexor digitorum
profundus. And the origin is the is the ulna area of the rear
of that bone, the rear edge of the ulna. And the insertion is
the bottom of the last bones of all five digits. So it goes all
the way down and operates those toes.
So the small portion of the belly comes to the surface on
the inside of the forearm and that's what we're seeing
between the radius and the flexor digitorum.
Little skinny red one in the middle there, that's the flexor
And then we have the extensor carpi radialis
in front of that.
Very important forearm muscle there in the front. Insertion is the
upper end of the front of the second and third metacarpal
And in the dog, the extensor carpi radialis is more slender
in the horse than the ox but still
pretty prominent muscle.
Okay now we're in the external view outside of the forearm.
Two muscles here, the outside view of the extensor carpi
This muscle is the largest extensor of the elbow
And lays on top of the radius.
Little one we see above that, this little sliver is the just a little sliver is the
Also known as the supinator longus.
And that originates on a short line on the outer surface of
the humerus about halfway down and inserts about a little bit
maybe a fourth of the way down the radius.
Okay, so here in the middle, the blue one, we have the
extensor digitorum communis and the origin is the outer surface
of the lower end of the humerus.
Insertion last toe bone of the outer four toes.
Next to that the extensor digitorum lateralis. Little
skinny one I did there in the red.
Then we break into the flexors
with the flexor metacarpi externus.
And that muscle inserts on the top of the outer surface of the
fifth metacarpal bone and goes down into the carpal mass. So
getting a little confusing there, but I'm trying to color code it
to keep it somewhat
doable. So that little one on the elbow there is called the
anconeus muscle, little orange one.
Alright lastly we're going to go over some of the main muscles
attach themselves to the face and the head. Start up here at
the nice broad one, the temporalis muscle.
Origin upper part of the skull
over around the brain case and the surrounded ridges
and inserting on to the upward projection of the lower jaw. So
because it's on the lower jaw, the action is to close the
mouth, also used for biting and chewing.
Masseter muscle, very roundish or I should say more or less
ovoid on the canine. Origin is the lower edge of the zygomatic
and inserting on to the side of the upright portion of the
Okay, very thick in muscle.
It's action is to close the mouth, also used for biting,
chewing, lifting the lower jaw.
Again, very bulging on the dog.
All right, here's part of the levator nasolabialis
its got two sections, but the
basis of this muscle is to cover the nasal bone.
Okay muscle comes just off the midline in the eye too so
basically the corner of the eye and then in front of that or
behind it actually is the orbicularis oculi and that
again has two portions: has the eyelid portion, which I'm not
showing because the eye's open, and it also has the outer
So its attachment is by a short ligament at the inner
corner of the eye.
Okay, very elliptical. It's a good muscle to get familiar
with if you want to have some structure
in the eye area. So it's not flat when you're drawing.
Alright so that is the whisker bed. I talked about that before
when we were talking about the head structure and that covers
some of the levator nasolabialis which goes all the nasolabial switch goes all the
way to the lips, but it's good to have it in drawing, shows the
structure of the dog's face.
The roundness we're getting below there is going to be the
lay in for the buccinator muscle.
Okay, that's the zygomatic muscle there, the zygomaticus,
and that's a good way to get the area of where the mouth
stops on the animal.
All right, then the caninus muscle.
Basically originates in the side of the face in front of
the facial crest.
And the insertion is along the side of the wing of the nostril,
which we don't see, it's going underneath that whisker bed.
Okay, very small little muscle there called the levator anguli.
Origin's the side of the head to the rear of the eye and then
inserts on the outer rear corner of the eye ridge.
This bone is - or excuse me this muscle called the malaris muscle is called the malarious
muscle going over the malar region.
Okay top part of the caninus there.
Just above the whisker bed.
Okay, so that will conclude our side view full muscle chart of
the canine superficial muscles. Okay, so that will conclude our
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1. Lesson Overview40sNow playing...
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2. Hind Limbs of Animals14m 21s
3. Hind Limbs Continued & Canine Side View.14m 43s
4. Canine Side View Continued16m 51s
5. Canine Side View Continued15m 27s