- Lesson details
In this series, instructor Sheldon Borenstein shares with you his approach to figure drawing. Sheldon utilizes his unique and entertaining teaching style to make the often-intimidating subject approachable and fun. Sheldon will cover Anatomy in this third part of the series. This lesson will focus on anatomy of the torso. Sheldon will use a variety of teaching methods to help you learn, including a fun lecture, demonstrations, and an assignment.
- Handmade Lead Holder with Cretacolor Charcoal and Sanguine Lead
- Faber- Castell Pitt Pastel Pencil – Light Ultramarine, Cobalt Blue, Burnt Ochre, Chromium Green Opaque, and White
- Conté Charcoal Pencil
- Strathmore Toned Drawing Paper
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Now that we finished the head drawing, we need to move to what is really home base.
And that’s your torso.
We’re going to do the front and the back at the same time.
You’re going to see it’s really not that much.
Mostly what we want to focus on in the torso are rhythms, so what you learned from the
head drawing, now you can apply also to the torso.
But I think you’ll find how simple the torso is, and it’s really just two units.
Remember, we want to keep the torso the torso and the extremities as far as way as we can.
Let’s move on to the torso.
Buckle your seatbelt.
We’re going to have some fun.
Usually in my college classes I start with the torso first, but we want to just kind
of go from the head on down.
Remember, we’re only doing the L.A. muscles.
We don’t want to get deep in L.A.
We want to stay superficial.
It’s very important.
We’re going to start with the front.
You know what?
I think we’re going to be able to do the front and the back.
Let’s do that.
So, this will be the front.
Neck is forward.
Rib cage is coming this way.
This is rib one right here.
That’s the pit of your neck.
Feel your way down.
I was at the airport about three weeks ago.
When I draw, I like to feel my way through my drawings.
You know, it’s how you get your measurement.
I was drawing this woman.
She didn’t know I was drawing her.
I roughed in the rib cage and roughed in the pelvis.
She was a female.
I had that down.
I was very proud of myself that I was able to figure that out.
But, I was trying to get my measurements down.
I usually feel my way.
I was able to get the pit of the neck, but I wanted to confirm that.
I drew it on my paper, and then I walked over to the girl, and I put my finger right on
the pit of her neck.
She was a little surprised; but hey, no harm, no foul.
I came back and I started drawing some more.
I worked my way down the sternum.
I felt it.
It was hard.
Worked my way down the sternum and got the end, the xiphoid process right there.
I wanted to check myself—you know, from the pit of the neck is the sternum.
I put my finger right at the pit of her neck.
I started working my down between her breasts.
I’ve never seen a woman’s eyes get so big.
It was really cool.
Her eyes got really big.
I said, don’t worry, ma’am.
I do this for a living.
I put my finger right at the sternum, the pit of the neck, and I worked my way down
her sternum right between her breasts.
When I got to that part of her thoracic arch, you know, right at her xiphoid process.
I touched it.
I wanted to make sure that I was right, so I went back and I touched her sternum, and
it was very hard.
She couldn’t go anywhere because we were at the boarding gate.
Where was she going to go?
I always go back to the beginning.
So, if I turn away and I go back to my drawing, I always start at the beginning.
That’s real important because it’s hard to—you know, if i go to you, okay, right there.
Yeah, not you, you.
Okay, yeah, the one in the green sweater.
Okay, so now I’m going to get my pencil right between your eyes.
That’s what I’m going to do.
Right between your eyes.
Did you flinch?
Yeah, you did.
How am I going to do that?
How do I get right between your eyes?
But, if I went like this I could get right to it.
So I sneak up on it.
When I’m doing a drawing, I’ve got to get right back to the right spot.
Start with your home base.
Those are your landmarks.
Start with your home base.
Go back there.
Then work your way down.
It works. It’s great.
Come back up here. Come on down.
Now I’m getting off of the hard, firm area.
Come down into the soft zone.
Take a little dip into the navel.
Come back up this way.
Because her pelvis is tilted forward, see.
I actually said to her, I know you’re a girl because your pelvis tilts forward, which
makes your butt round.
Her boyfriend said, hey!
I said, what? I do this for a living. What?
I know that her stomach went out this way, and then I come back down.
I wanted to check myself.
I went back to her.
What do I do?
Go back to the pit of the neck.
Put my finger down her sternum between her breasts.
Get down into the soft zone.
Got to the navel, went doh, doh, doh, and then came back out again.
It came towards me.
Because she’s female, her pelvis is tilted forward, which brings the muscle out.
It came out.
That’s what I did.
I come back right back to the top again.
Come down off the skin right off of that sternum into the stomach area, soft zone, into the
navel, coming on down, and whoa, right on down to the pubic arch.
Then I’m going to work my way this way.
This is a landmark.
This is a landmark.
Belly button is a landmark.
And the pubic arch is a landmark.
I’m coming across this way.
Rib cage, rib cage, rib cage.
This is called your iliac crest.
That’s the top of your pelvis.
That’s a landmark.
So one, two, three, four, five, six, seven landmarks.
That’s just so you can know where you’re going.
Okay, so that’s the front.
The back is going to be the opposite.
Here is the neck.
This is that C7 I told you about.
There is your landmark.
I like to go straight on the front.
Curve on the back.
Straight on the front.
Curve on the back.
This is a female because the pelvis is tilted, which gives us a nice poh-poh shape.
Let me give you some anatomical terms, everybody.
This area right here is called the whoo-hoo, and this area back here is called the poh-poh.
These are anatomical terms, and they are cross-gender.
If you’re drawing a male that would be you’re woo-hoo.
And this one here would be your poh-poh, which is on the back.
Men have flat asses, okay, because their pelvises are straight.
Woman, though, go forward, and their butts go back a little bit.
Here’s a male pelvis, and here is a female pelvis.
It gives you a nice round poh-poh.
Okay, so go like that.
Okay, neck is forward.
There is your head.
There is the back of your cranium, as Tweety Bird would say.
And they’re going that way.
Okay, it’s time for muscles.
The distance between the bottom of your rib cage and the top of your pelvis is one fist.
Okay, so you’ve got that.
Bending wise, you can bend at the neck.
That’s pretty flexible.
Your arms come out here.
There are your arms.
Look at how far away from the body I draw the arms.
You can really stretch.
I’ve seen models that was like they’re in one room, and their extremities are in
the other room.
Let’s make sure we understand that we keep that flexible.
If you bend the body anywhere here or in here, I want you to call this phone number.
Just dial it.
I have a hard time figuring out how to spell it.
But, dial that phone number if you can bend a person’s body here or here.
That means this area right here is extremely flexible.
I had an opportunity to test this.
I went to the local convenience store to buy some lottery tickets.
I was standing in line, and I’ve become this huge Michael Jackson fan, and it’s
weird because I was never really a big fan of his when he was alive.
Now that he’s dead I really like him.
Same thing with Elvis; I was never a really big Elvis fan.
But I was with Janis Joplin, and I really liked Jim Morrison.
So, I’m at this 7-11, you know, it’s a convenience store that we have.
I’m waiting in line to get a ticket.
Oh my God, look who’s in front of me.
Standing right here it’s Michael Jackson.
I’m like, this guy is so flexible.
You know, I got one of his concerts and I’m watching it.
This guy is so flexible.
I’m thinking he must not have a skeleton.
Nobody could move like him and have skeleton.
So, I decided to poke him, you know.
I mean, he’s right there.
I’m poking him here and he’s going whee-hee, whee-hee.
It’s really funny, you know, whee-hee.
Everywhere I poked him it was really pretty firm.
Then when I got down to his midsection between his rib cage and his pelvis,
wow man, it was so tender.
It was so, so flexible.
And I said, do you mind?
He goes, sho-more.
I said, okay, well, I figure that’s Michael Jackson saying it’s okay.
It was pretty cool.
Elvis was over there.
I said, you’re pretty flexible too.
I said, wow, Elvis.
You look good for a guy who has been dead as long as you have.
And he said, thank you.
Thank you very much.
Janis Joplin and Jim Morrison were there, but they didn’t remember why.
They were just getting a hot dog.
I was able to get my ticket, and I lost.
But, wow, what an opportunity to be hanging out with Michael Jackson!
He’s so flexible, but he still had a rib cage and he still had a pelvis.
That means his muscle things, those rubber bands are really flexible.
And I thought that was pretty interesting.
If you can bend this or bend this, you’re okay, but this thing is screwed.
Okay, so let’s get into some of these muscles.
We’re going to kind of look at the muscles as rubber bands.
Don’t try to think too much of them.
There really are not when it comes to dealing with the human body.
Let’s see, we’ll start over here.
Here’s your clavicle.
That’s going to come up this way.
Nice little S-shape.
Where your clavicle meets your scapula which comes around here.
The scapula is this guy right here.
How you’re doing?
He’s such a good guy.
Have a cheeseburger.
You’re looking a little thin.
Notice how this here is outside the rib cage.
Do you see right there?
College students, see this area right here?
Just do it all day long.
It’ll help you with your internships.
This is your acromion process.
This is where your clavicle and your scapula come together.
It only floats from here.
This is your clavicular joint.
Different kind of joint, okay?
You try to smoke this, it’s going to taste funny.
But this is a joint, dude.
This is a joint.
This is your clavicular joint.
Hey, dude, pass the joint.
Okay, so that’s your clavicular joint.
You’re only connected here for your entire shoulder and arm.
You get a lot of flexibility when you’re dealing with that.
And then especially here, look, you have all these vertebrae that can move around a lot,
and then you have the top of your iliac crest.
So, pretty flexible.
But, this is called your acromion process.
That is your clavicle, acromion process.
This is your sternum.
Okay, now usually I wear loose clothes when I do my anatomy lectures because all the girls
and about four or five of the guys in the class really have a hard time focusing on
I actually have a flawless body.
I wear loose clothes so that my students can focus.
It’s not like I workout.
I go to the gym just because.
I don’t want everybody to feel bad.
But in reality, what happened about—it was about two years ago that I got bit by a spider.
About a day and a half later I woke up and looked in the mirror, and I went damn.
I was looking good.
I didn’t do nothing for it, just bit by a spider.
It was pretty cool.
Okay, so I want to get a T-shirt that says I was bit by a spider.
You’ve got to work to get a body like this, and I don’t have to.
So, this is your clavicle.
This is your acromion process.
Your arm is way out here.
The first muscle we’re going to do is called the pectoralis.
The pectoralis is going to start in the sternum and come around, and it’s going to go all
the way to the humerus like this.
I’m going to draw these out for you again too.
They kind of overlap each other.
They’re like a bunch of little muscles, and they’re like striations.
I’ll draw them for you later also.
They’re like a bunch of these little striations guys that go like this, like that.
They go all the way to
Mine are perfect boxes.
Remember, Leonardo said learn all your anatomy and then just forget it and draw shapes.
My pecs are perfect, flawless box shapes.
I teach so in the winter time we get time off.
I usually try to figure out what should I do with my time off.
I came up with this idea, and what I do is I sit on the beach.
I don’t have to worry about advertising because everybody knows where I am.
I’m like the whitest thing on the planet.
Last summer I took my shirt off.
My phone rang.
I answered my phone.
I go hello because I don’t recognize the number, you know.
I go, hello?
They go, Sheldon?
I go, yeah. I go, who is this?
They go, this is NASA.
NASA, what are you calling me for? I’m out here on the beach.
They said put your shirt back on.
I went, why?
They said the glare off your chest knocked out three satellites.
Siri is telling people to turn right, and that’s the ocean, okay?
But what I do during the summer because I have such perfect, flawless, squared off shapes
for my pecs is I open bottles.
So, coke bottles and beer bottles.
It’s 50 cents for one, and they just put the bottle under my pec.
They could either pop it themselves or I flex and it pops it.
So, it’s 50 cents for one.
Sometimes I give them a deal, and I’ll do like two for a dollar.
The problem comes in when I do a six-pack all at the same time.
That’s when it gets creative.
I got arrested for that one.
But it was fun.
It was fun.
So, that’s your pec.
Beautiful, squared-off pecs, okay.
Okay, square shapes.
Put the bottle right here.
Boom, pop that bottle.
Okay, so there you go.
Muscle number one.
Muscle number two is going to be your rectus abdominis muscle, and that’s going to go here.
It’ll come down this way.
You’re going to have this muscle here.
Then you get this straight line.
This is like a horizon line.
These lines go down to the horizon this way, and then these go up this way.
They’re going to up toward the horizon.
It actually connects a little higher than your thoracic arch.
This is your thoracic arch.
So, the thoracic arch for the male is going to be 90 degrees.
The thoracic arch is going to be female is going to be 60.
The female has a narrow rib cage and a wider pelvis to house little beasts.
I think I’ll have another little one here.
You get this straight here at the navel.
You know, I was kind of wondering like, if you go through your life and this truly is your
eye level right here, and you’re spending your time staring at that, I’d get off your knees.
Stand up because you’re going to get hurt.
Okay, so you’ve got that.
That’s your rectus abdominis muscle.
It kind of connects with the connective tissue.
That’s going to go all the way down here to the pubic arch.
Or as we say in some of the more private-type schools, the MBA.
This will be the MBA, which would be the middle body area.
There we go.
That is your rectus abdominis, otherwise known as your abs.
Then in between all of this is just this connective tissue, and that’s kind of a fascia.
If I ever say fascia, fascia is a connective tissue.
You want to be really careful with fascia, also with ligaments and tendons.
The actual muscle itself is actually pretty tender.
It’s some good eating.
Okay, so you’ll know when you have a good muscle because you take it.
It’s cuts easy, and you put it in your mouth, and you start eating it.
You kind of chase it down with some nice vintage Coca-Cola Classic in the bright right can.
Fascia, tendons, and ligaments, man.
It gets in your mouth, you’re chewing on it for 10 minutes.
It always ends up in the napkin.
That’ll tell you the different between those.
The muscle itself is very tender.
A good muscle doesn’t even need anything.
Just put it on the grill, and you’re good to go.
So that would be muscle number two.
Not that many.
It comes around this way.
This is called the serratus anterior.
I guess I kind of figured that I was going to get bit by a spider at some point.
During my high school years, I used to freelance.
I had to make money, you know. I didn’t come from money.
So I’d go to school, and then I’d go to work.
I found this job, they were looking, it was called Arvel or something like that—Marvel?
Anyways, I would go and model for the artists because I had these flawless serratus anteriors.
You want to think of these as your superhero muscles.
If you want, I’ll pose for you, but not here.
Actually, I won’t.
You’ll only use professional models in vetted places.
Vetted means proven.
Okay, so that’s your serratus anterior, and they’re going to come around this way.
They’re going to just go right on to your ribs.
They start on the back way over here.
Then they come around.
They come around this way to the front, and they land on top of these ribs.
Sometimes if you’re going to go for a good barbeque, you know, call the server over,
and say to the server, can you leave some serratus on the bone?
It’s a very tender meat.
They might charge a little bit more, but it’s worth it.
You’re going to find that the serratus anterior muscles, they’re kind of good huggy muscles.
You know, they come around like this and they hug right there.
They’re good solid muscles.
They allow you to do push-ups, pull-ups, all kinds of stuff, stuff that I can do.
Okay, so we’ve got that.
So, that’s your serratus anterior muscles going this way.
Okay, and that’s going to come around like this.
That’s muscle number three, not that much.
Okay, so we’ve got that.
The next one is going to be your obliques.
That’s going to be your external obliques.
That’s going to come down like this.
They’re going to rest right on the iliac crest, which is your pelvic bone.
It’s going to nestle up right next to your rectus abdominis.
This has some other names to it.
It’s otherwise known as your spare tire, love handles, that kind of thing.
But, they’re basically your obliques.
That allows you to kind of go like that.
Those are your obliques.
This is pretty cool.
What this is going to do is it’s going to come down to a ligament.
This is a really cool ligament.
This is very important.
This is a borderline ligament.
This is what separates your torso from the lower extremities.
All of this down here is lower extremity.
This is not part of the torso.
This is the torso.
Wouldn’t it be a great name for a dog?
Come here, Inguinal; oh, you’re so cute!
What a great name!
I’ve got to tell you a true story that never really happened.
It’s pretty cool.
On my home from home, I decided to stop at the bar, you know, have a drink with the guys.
I’m a man.
I’m going to stop, have a drink, hang out with the guys. Yeah.
So, I get in there.
I get up on the barstool.
I look at the bartender.
He goes, usual?
I go, yeah; line ‘em up, bartender.
So he gives me some Coca-Cola Classic in the bright red can.
They had a band that was playing.
It was so good.
I asked him, I said, what is that sound.
It’s such a unique sound.
He said, you know, you’re the only one who comes to our bar and drinks Coca-Cola.
I’m going to show you.
He goes to these curtains behind the band, and he opens it up.
There is a guy playing his inguinal ligament.
I’m like, whoa.
Man, that’s amazing!
He pulls on it.
And he pulls it really strong, you know, really tight.
I asked him, I go, when did you figure out you can do something like that.
He goes, ever since I was a little kid I’ve been playing with it.
My dad used to pound on the door and say give it a break.
I don’t know.
It was something that he was really good at.
This is kind of like a base, you know, one of those big, stand-up bases.
It’s just this long string, and it goes all the way down to the pubic arch, otherwise
known as the middle body area right there.
That is the borderline.
Not a lot for your torso, you know, in the front at least.
Here is your pectoralis here.
Then if you’re female or if you have breasts, they’re going to go this way.
This is your muscle here.
This is pecs.
This is the gland right here.
This is going to come down right there and go around.
So we’re going to come this way.
This is all muscle.
This is gland.
Nipples go out to the side.
It’s going to tuck behind the pectoralis.
It’s going to start here, and it’s going to come around and stop here.
We’re going to have a line that comes in this way.
And then this is going to go all the way to the humerus.
Is that funny?
I don’t know. Haha.
Then you’ll have your cast shadow coming off there. It’s real important
when you’re doing the side view that you get to do a curve concave, convex straight.
Then you’ll have nice, natural breasts.
I should do an advertisement for that.
Nice, natural breasts dot com.
Alright, so that’s the front.
All this we’ll work on when we do the lower extremities, and all this we’ll work on
when we do the upper extremities.
But the deltoid is kind of like your muscle.
You know, it’s like football players.
I know for a fact because I know everything because I’m a college teacher.
The football players don’t have arms.
They don’t. That’s why they have trainers.
They go to work in the morning, and they have no arms.
They just walk around like this.
They wait at the door, the door opens, and they come in.
Then when they get to their locker, they take out the shoulder pads.
They put the shoulder pads over this neck, and then this is their shoulder pad area here.
They get these shoulder pads.
That’s like your deltoid.
The deltoid is like the shoulder pad.
They put it over the rib cage.
Then they tie it down with these straps called muscles.
It makes a lot of sense to me.
It’s very logical.
But sometimes these guys get hit so hard on the field that the shoulder pads fly off,
and that’s when you get that commercial really fast.
Do you ever notice they get that cut, and then they cut to these crazy commercials.
The poor people in the stadium, they get to see these shoulder pads, you know, flipping
around the field with these arms attached to it, just flipping all over the place.
I mean, the amount of therapy these people have to go through.
But, what are we watching?
Another Ram truck commercial.
Okay, so you want to think about this as your shoulder pads.
That’s your deltoid coming around this way, and that fits into your pectoralis.
That goes over your rib cage like a football player’s shoulder pads.
So, you’re going to have your deltoid coming this way.
Your pectoralis is next.
Then your bicep is next.
You’ve got 1, 2, 3 layers.
Real important, especially for you modelers out there doing your modeling for your games,
for your movies, and anything sculpted.
Z-brush, it’s gotta be right.
Okay, so that’s our front view.
The back view is pretty cool.
We’re going to start from the inside out and then back to the inside.
Okay, so these are your sit muscles.
This one right here will be your supraspinatus, and that is your sit muscle.
It goes from the top of your scapula all the way to your humerus.
We can still see our buddy here.
Right here along the top of the scapula, right here, this muscle right here goes through
all the way out to here.
So it’s right here.
Hi, I’m a supraspinatus.
Do you see my little pinkie?
I’m a supraspinatus.
Okay, so the supraspinatus, its job is pretty cool, and I’m going to model the job for you.
Are you ready?
Don’t get to excited.
Here we go.
Want to see it again?
Thank you. Thank you very much.
Thank you, thank you.
We’ll be here until Thursday.
Do you want to see it in slow motion?
It just raises the arm. It gets it up.
Your supraspinatus would be at the Super Bowl when they break and they do the Viagra commercial.
I got it up; I’m a supraspinatus.
Here we go.
We’re going to go this way.
The infraspinatus is in here.
One thing about the scapula is it makes great soup.
This is a wonderful soup bone, and when I was a kid we used to always fight over it.
You know, you cook it for a long time.
You’ve got this beautiful supraspinatus.
We used to like to suck it out.
This right here, this muscle right here is very tender.
Then these guys, which we’re going to get to, the teres major and teres minor, they
make great taco meat.
You know, the tacos are really narrow, and these are narrow muscles.
They make great taco meat.
I love them.
Real tender, just great stuff.
It’s a real delicacy in certain parts of the world.
So, this will be your infraspinatus, which will allow you to drink a soda.
Then you’re going to have over here your teres major, which goes to the front.
Major, sir—goes to the front.
Teres minor will go to the back.
These are rotators.
I’ve got to tell you guys kind of a true story that never happened.
I was a professional tennis player.
One of the problems—I was so good that I continued to rotate real fast, and they had
to cut to commercials a lot because the friction of my humerus under my acromion rolling back
and forth would cause smoke and sometimes fire coming out right here.
They would always have to stop and put it out.
Just know that you’re going to get a lot of rotation here from your teres major and
teres minor as it rotates.
So, be careful with it.
You may not have the professionals around you like I had to put out your shoulder.
Okay, because you’ve got smoke coming out of your acromion, it’s very, very dangerous.
This is your infraspinatus, teres major and teres minor.
They’re all a bunch of rotators called the S.I.T.S muscles.
Alright, that allows you to go like this.
You get to go like this and rotate.
You could even come in a little bit, but that will also be using your serratus and your pectoralis.
They all kind of team up.
You know, they’re pretty cool.
You’ve kind of got that.
One of the problems that I’m having, a real problem that I’m having, because it’s
very dangerous for you guys.
I think that we should take a small little break.
You digest this part and I explain to you.
I notice this a lot.
Because of the animated cartoons and coloring books, everybody draws a line all the way
around the body, you know, one line, and it’s just very dangerous.
And it’s dangerous because you’re giving the body, the outside of the body all of the credit.
That’s where you’re putting all your work.
The inside your mushing it.
You’re mushing the whole thing.
So, like here you’ll draw the outside of this rib cage, you know, the body.
But then when you get to the scapula you mush it.
But you’ve gotta remember that these are all unions.
Okay, do you guys know what unions are?
Don’t mess with unions?
Also, all of sudden this guy shows up.
I meansthis guy if tough.
You go who are you?
He’s like my name is Tony.
I’m Tony. I’m union.
I’m the union president local 842, scapula.
You’re going to mwess with us?
I want a clean scapular.
I betcha he don’t drink no more.
Hey Leo, get over here.
Leo comes over. Hey, Tony, what’s up?
Look at this guy.
Leo looks at him and goes what’s going on?
Where’s the pecs?
We’re pectoralis, local 822.
Do you want to do a push-up?
So Tony calls over his wife.
She comes over.
Her name is Toni.
She’s got a tattoo that says I drink beer for breakfast.
She puts it on her cereal.
Snap, crackle, and pop.
Do you know what her pop’s names is?
Okay, so they’re all Tony’s.
Hey, yo, Tony goes, yeah, meet my wife Tony.
Tony’s wife says, hey, you, I’m a union.
Sacrospinalis, the backs, local 111.
We work together with the rectus abdominis.
You want to bend over?
Then they call over Tony’s son.
Do you know what his name is?
He goes over and goes, hey, I’m a union guy.
What the butt?
What the gluteus maximus?
See what happens to you?
I’m helping you.
I’m your friend.
You’ve got to think of each of the shapes inside the body as its own shape.
Give it the integrity.
Make it beautiful so you don’t end up on the bottom of the river, okay?
You don’t mess with them.
I’m a union guy, okay?
So, here we go. We’ve got this beautiful S.I. T.S muscles. You’ve got your serratus
muscles coming around here, beautiful serratus muscles. Give them respect. Show some respect.
Then we’re going to come over here, and we’re going to do this muscle coming around
this way called the trapezius. It overlaps your scapula and kind of goes down to the
center of your back right about there.
That’s your shruggy-type muscles that allow you to kind of do this. You’ll see it from
the front here. They come around this way. Then it goes around the back. Then we have
a big muscle here. This one is embarrassing for me. These are the latissimus dorsi. Otherwise
known as your wings. They come around this way. I was walking down the street one day,
and it was getting all hot. I took my shirt off, so embarrassing. What happened is as
I was walking, the wind caught me between my rib cage and my latissimus dorsi, that
big wing muscle. Before I knew it, I’m up in the air. I’m flying. What do I do? I’m
looking down. I’m getting higher. I’m flying. I’m flying. Before I know it, all
these people are down there and they’re pointing. Then it was like a few minutes later
people were chanting. They were turning it into this religious event. And I’m flying.
I started to feel pretty good. I’m like look at me. I’m flying. Whoo-hoo! People
are looking and they’re going, look! Hoo! Oh, my God, he’s flying. It was a religious
thing. I had to yell down and go I’m not a religious thing. I just worked out wrong.
Make sure when you’re working out that you don’t overwork your lats because they’re
like wings. Like these things, yeah. They’re wings. Do you see that? Okay, so that’s
your lats. It’s a true story? Do you believe it? Do you guys believe any of my stories?
Oh, come on.
Okay, so we’ve got that. Let’s see, we’ve got the S.I.T.S., the trapezius muscles, our
lat muscles. The serratus are coming out here. This is our external oblique coming over this
way. There you go. Not a lot. Not a lot of muscles. Oh, there is one more. This is an
important one. Okay, so for this one I need a volunteer. Let’s see, who wants to volunteer.
The first one who stood up right there. Okay, your name is Adrian, okay. My name is Rocky.
What I am is a somewhat intelligent guy. I’m a nice guy, but what I do for a living is
get the **** beat out of me. This is the end of the movie, and I just got the **** beat
out of me, and your line is going to be “Love you, Rocky; love you, Rocky.” Okay, that’s
going to be your line. Okay, you got it?
Yo, Adrian? I did it. Go! Excellent! Did you hear her? Okay, so what does that have to
do with the muscle that we’re about to show you? Absolutely nothing. It has absolutely
nothing to do with the muscle we’re going to show you. But I have a question for you:
Who played Rocky? You’re right. Sylvester Stallone. Okay, what does it have to do with
the muscle that I’m about to show you? You’re wrong. Absolutely nothing. It has absolutely
nothing to do with the muscle that I’m about to show you. But here’s a question: Who
else did Sylvester Stallone play that was a really popular character in a movie? Rambo.
And what does Rambo have to do with the muscle I’m about to show you? No, not absolutely
nothing. It has everything because to see this muscle you have to be on Rambo because
it’s called the rhomboid. All that for that, right?
So the rhomboid actually goes from the midline to the inside of your scapula. Okay, so here’s
your scapula, and it’s going to go this way. This is a very important muscle because
it allows you to bring your shoulders back. Those are your rhomboids. But they’re deep.
They’re very deep muscles, something we’re not used to out here. But you can really see
them when the muscles go back. If you’re going like this, yeah, you’re at a concert
and you’re like, yeah. I’m in it, a man. What are you dealing with? Rhomboids, okay.
You go like that. Pectoralis and serratus. Go like this. Serratus with your S.I.T.S.
muscles, yeah. Supraspinatus, infraspinatus, teres major, teres minor, rhomboids, yeah.
Pecs, yeah. Serratus, yeah. See, not a whole lot. We’ve got a lot of movement. You fall
down. You want to push yourself up. That would be your lats and your serratus anteriors,
so not a lot.
Alright, then up here will be your deltoid. So, what do we got? Well, to make our S.I.T.S.
muscles one. But if you don’t you can go one, two, three, four, five, six, seven. Not
a lot of muscles. But you got kind of a pretty shape. If there is your back, the back is
really complicated. The back you don’t have a lot to hold onto unless you’ve got man
boobs. That’s a whole different story. That could be traumatic.
Okay, so we’re going to go here, arm, arm. So we’re going to go—look at this—you
go triangle, triangle…not a lot. Okay, and then the deltoids will go on top. They just
sit on top and then come around that way. And there you go. Not a lot to it.
and how they apply, and how the rhythms flow.
This is a very important part of this lecture, and it’s one of my favorite.
I get to do what I love which is celebrate the beauty of anatomy.
Hopefully, you guys enjoy this as much as I do, and hopefully you will allow me to share
my love with you as we move on to drawing the anatomy.
Okay, we’re going to do the front and the back at the same time.
We’re going to split, do half and figure half in the anatomy.
This is going to be a little fun.
We’re going to crop in—this will be the pit of her neck.
This will be the front.
Here is our gesture going this way.
Motivator is here.
She is pushing out.
Then we’re going to go here.
That’s a gesture.
That’s all you need.
Over here we’re going to go opposite for your back.
Motivator is here so they’re pushing out toward each other.
That’s the rib cage.
The neck will be over here coming this way.
Again, there you go.
This will be pretty even.
This will be even across.
You just want to get the story down.
Don’t go crazy.
Now we’re going to go to the woman in the airport.
If you look back at the beginning part of this lecture.
I’m going to put my finger at the pit of her neck, and I’m going to walk on down
That’s where the hard part stops.
I’m going to go here down into the soft part, which on her doesn’t exist because
she is so lean, into her belly button, and then down this way to the pubic arch.
Middle body area, MBA.
Imagine, hi mommy, hi daddy.
I’m going to go to college, and I’m going to major in studying the MBA.
They’ll go, oh, we’re so proud of our little boy and our little girl going to college,
and they’re going to study the MBA.
Then they realize it’s the middle body area.
There we go.
This little compression here.
My major is MBA and my minor is human reproduction.
So we’re going to go this way, and then this neck remember goes back, and this one
Remember that landmark right there, C7?
It’s going to go this way to the pit of their back.
You just want to feel your way down.
The bottom of the rib cage here, and then you have a fist difference, and then you have
Okay, so those are your lay-ins.
Now, let’s get started.
We’ll do anatomy on this side, finish on this side.
Okay, so over here for the rib cage just go with a general shape.
You don’t have to draw in all the ribs.
I think of it as like an egg box shape.
This would be a box, a sphere, or a cylinder box.
There is your box shape.
This will be a cylinder up here or a sphere coming down to a box.
It will be a cylinder box or a boxy sphere.
Then we’re going to go like this.
Slide on down to the pubic arch.
From up here, iliac crest.
Same thing here.
Go with that shape.
This one is going to go away from us now, so we need our perspective because it goes
back like that.
Remember, the arm is going this way, so it’s going to go right into the scapula.
So if the arm goes past this part here, when it comes up here the scapula will move with it.
Whatever direction the arm is right into the body, do a right angle from that, and now
you’ll have your scapula.
And people are going to think you’re so smart.
This goes down to about six ribs.
You get a lot of bullets that go right there.
I don’t know.
It has something to do with the way they shoot.
Tall people get a lot of bullets right in here.
Not a good idea.
If you get a bullet in here it’s going all the way through.
Then you get to be called a DRT.
DRT stands for Dead Right there.
Here we go.
Not a good day.
Then here is your sacrum.
These two dots right here.
Usually as an artist’s canvas on a lot of people.
Then we’re going to come down here to the buttock area.
What you’re going to find here is usually you want to two butt cheeks.
They wrote a great song about that.
I think it was the boss that wrote that when he’s saying two butt cheeks are better than one.
Two butt cheeks will get the job done.
Two butt cheeks are better than one.
I did know this guy once that only had one butt cheek, just one.
We were so mean.
We used to lean him up against the wall.
We’d just come back the next day, and he’d be still leaning against the wall.
We were so mean.
But it was funny.
Then we’ve got a trochanter coming out there.
Alright, so there we go.
So, you see that?
Now, we’re starting to flesh out a little bit.
Alright, let’s get our hands on some parts that we can get our hands on.
That would be the pectoralis major, otherwise known as the pecs.
Anytime you hear pectoralis minor, stuff like that, we don’t need it.
We’re like just the major stuff.
One of the things I like to is you go like this and just feel the hardness of the sternum.
Now, when you hear a teacher say I like to do this, everybody has an opinion, okay.
I think the greatest analogy I ever heard on that is called 7-11 management training.
If you’re the new manager of either part of that store, right, so the district manager
comes over and says, you know, you’re doing a great job.
I just want to let you know that I usually put the 7-UP over there, but you’re doing
a great job.
I usually put the potato chips over there, and that was the way it was described to me
once because I hate that kind of management.
My employees, I tell them what I need and then let them do it.
I have really discovered brilliance with my employees.
My employees are teenagers.
I let them do what they want to do.
As long as the information is getting across that I’m looking for.
Do you know what?
They’ve been very inventive, and the students benefit from it, and the kids get to benefit
from it because they get to learn.
They get to find their own way.
So if I say I do this, and you don’t want to do it, don’t do it.
But, I like to feel the hardness of the sternum.
And this is just a series of these striations, and you’re going to find that we get to
use those later on to show the motion.
Here we go.
You know, when you micromanage employees are afraid to do anything.
You don’t get the creativity.
These things are called striations, and they really do guide the eye.
This is going all the way to the humerus, which is your bone coming out right there.
Okay, so we’ve got that.
Let’s have some more fun with it.
It attaches to the clavicle, so your pectoralis goes from your clavicle to your sternum, and
then to your arm, your humerus.
So you can really get a lot of motion that pulls up.
So, on this side when we’re drawing, she’s got her arm up.
It’s going to go behind because it goes underneath the deltoid.
Look, it goes like this.
Here is the arm.
The deltoid slips behind the backside, and then you have the underarm.
This is the crossing guard area right here.
You’ve got to be really careful.
You got a lot of traffic accidents.
So many muscles are joining here that it’s real important that you have like a crossing
guard to say, Tweet!
You come, you go this way.
You go that way.
There’s just a lot of muscles under the arm.
For college students, right here is where the deodorant goes if you want to get past
We want to go like that.
Now, look what happens over here.
The breast becomes an ellipse, not a circle, because it’s being pulled this way.
The nipple also becomes an ellipse.
Do I look for that in a portfolio?
That could be a button if you’re animating on a shirt.
It could be a part of the shirt.
It could be anything.
If you don’t get it right then I have to go back in and fix it if I’m working on the movie.
You get to go home.
I need to fix it.
Then I get really mad at you.
Now, what we’re going to do is we’re going to use that motion, the striation to go like
this and guide the eye.
See, that’s the wave.
That’s the awe, see, going back to the beginning of the lesson.
I’m drawing a woman’s breast.
That’s the guy talking.
But, it’s the way of guiding the eye.
We’re going to come this way, and then we go this way.
So, if we were singing this would be the people seeing very high: I killed a rabbit!
And then this would be the people singing very low: I killed a rabbit.
And they all go together.
I killed a rabbit.
I killed a rabbit.
It’s kind of animation singing.
This is going to go over the sternum, the cross-contour, and the cast shadow.
Okay, so that’s the chest part there.
Now, we’re going to go over to this part which will be the rectus abdominis.
I rectum, I killed ‘em.
Here we go here.
And you’re going to have—let’s see, we’ve got one, two before the navel.
Have fun moving these around.
A lot of times when I see anatomy they’ll draw it like straight, and it stiffens up the pose.
So, have some fun.
Make these things kind of like a mosaic or beads or make them independent of each other.
This one here is really long.
This is where the plane changes, and then it turns.
The reason why this is poking out is because she is a female.
I know she is because I looked at her chart, her employment chart, and it said female.
Otherwise, I wouldn’t know.
The pelvis on the female is tilted forward, which pushes this out right here.
You get that a lot on the female.
It’s very feminine and very pretty, so you want to do that.
So, your cross-contour.
You go this way, and then it will turn like that.
Again, this is functional anatomy.
It’s not the clinical.
We have a lot of that.
It’s going to catch more light right here.
We’ll let it kind of turn.
Then you have fascia which is going all the way up into here, which is connective tissue.
They might call it an aponeurosis, yeah, aponeurotic part, external oblique muscle.
Just think of it as fascia, rectus sheath, you know.
That sounds kind of sexy.
It’s just connective tissue.
In order to see this, I just have to take a shower because I have perfectly flawless abs.
There we go.
I just like to hide them.
Okay, so that’s our rectus abdominis.
Now, coming around the side here will be our serratus anterior.
These will be your superhero muscles.
They take the softest lead and they put it in the hardest wood for the pencils.
It’s really funny how they do it.
My old teachers used to call the kneaded eraser a kneader rubber.
It always sounded funny to me.
Then I realize, you know, back in high school you get a little active sometimes and, you
know, sometimes you do need a rubber.
Maybe they had it right.
But I’m wondering like if you have hard wood maybe you need the rubber, so they do
go together, the hard wood of the pencil and the kneaded rubber.
I guess, maybe that’s what they’re trying to say.
Okay, so that’s coming around the side like this.
Then this is going to, like a serrated knife coming together.
Okay, so that’s your serratus into your external oblique.
That’s going to squish right there because the pelvis is high.
So right there.
It goes right on top of the pelvis.
And that’s going to go down here into the inguinal ligament.
That’s your borderline.
That’s your dividing line for your torso.
Then they’re going to serrate into these guys here.
Rule of thumb in my classroom: You’ve got to say something dumb, stupid, gross, obscene
about every seven to ten minutes or you lose your class.
What are they thinking about?
I’m going to go the movies.
I’m going to go out.
I’m going to go have fun with my friends.
What do you do as a teacher?
You shock them.
The best part of teaching is when you’re in the hallway and you hear the students walking
away from your class, and they’re going, I can’t believe what he said.
The other one goes what did he say?
And when they say it they just repeated my lecture.
No notes, and it’s in their heads forever because I shocked them and burned it into
They’re no longer normal human beings when they leave my class.
Okay, so there you go.
So, we’ve got that.
I’m going to show you guys how to sharpen the pencil because this pissed me off.
If you take it like this, this is your steering will, and this is your motor,
and you just go like that.
Yay, there we go.
Then you go like this [blows dust].
Okay, so you see how it flows?
One of the things I like to do because as I said I spend a lot of time at the airport,
and we get these delayed flights.
I usually bring is like a Hot Wheels car, you know, one of those little tiny cars, and
I like to play off-roading.
I start up here with my little car.
I just pull my shirt up.
People start to leave where you’re sitting about that time.
Some of the brave ones will sit around and wait to see what you’re doing.
But I like to play off-roading on my body, and I just take the car and I go, whoa, coming
around the pectoralis; oh my God, jumping off the cliff of the perfect boxed pecs.
Uh oh, gnarly, I’m going over the serratus anterior.
And it’s really fun, helps the time pass.
But, it also teaches you the rhythms of the torso.
That’s what we’re going to do right here.
We’re just off-roading.
We’re coming up this way.
Coming around here, across boobie way.
You’ve got to be careful on boobie way because it’s very soft.
Then we’re going to come down here.
Then we come around this way, and we jump off boobie way landing on the serratus anterior.
We’re off-roading on the gnarly moguls of the serratus anterior.
Coming on to the external oblique, feeling the rib cage coming out right there.
Don’t fall off because you’ll fall off and hurt yourself, coming on down into the
external oblique this way.
Coming down here, feeling where the iliac crest is.
We don’t want to go there because that’s a different race.
Then we’re going to come down this way , and then we’re going to go this way for the
Feel where it turns, turns, turns.
Then we’re going to do the weight.
We’re going to kill a rabbit.
We just did the darks.
I killed a rabbit.
Killed a rabbit, killed a rabbit.
Coming up this way, gnarly moguls.
Oh my God, gnarly moguls.
Jump, jump, jump.
Here we go.
And then you feel the top of the external oblique,
and then coming on down to crotch cavern.
You want to be very careful at crotch cavern because if you land in there you could be
in there for the rest of your life.
It’s a really dangerous place down here.
Okay, here we go, ladies and gentleman.
And, let me take a look and see, oh, all tens.
I did well.
Really, for me all I would do is just draw a spare tire here, and then I would draw a
circle here and I’d have my anatomy.
Let’s move over here to the back.
Not a whole lot.
Let’s see what we’ve got here.
I think a real important is right here, and it’s often missed.
You’re going to come down this way from the back of the neck, you’re going to come
around here with your trapezius.
And it’s going to go like this, and it’s going to bump up against your acromion process.
Your deltoid but you get this really fun bump right there.
You’re going to get a straight line right there, and that’s everything bumping up
against that acromion.
It’s a straight line.
So just remember that.
Then we’re going to go like this down the spine of our scapula.
Remember whatever angle the arm is, just carry that right into the body into the scapula
just like that.
And on top of your supraspinatus, if you can see somebody’s supraspinatus buy them a
cheeseburger or two because they’re a little too thin.
But, you will see the infraspinatus and the infraspinatus fossa, which is here.
Here is the bottom of your scapula right there.
That’s your infraspinatus.
That’s a fun sounding word.
Okay, get that nice...
Remember, those striations are the most important thing because they’re going to tell you
the direction of the muscle.
Every muscle is a union.
Here is your teres major.
It’s going to the backside.
These shapes have to be very clean and very pretty because otherwise, the union guy is
going to come get you and say, yo.
Your teres major.
See, you screw with that union you’re not rotating no more.
Get outta here.
So you don’t mess with the union guys.
Are you a fan of the unions?
Oh my God, absolutely.
I am a member.
I am a huge, huge—in all the years I worked in the industry I never worked nonunion.
Never once scabbed.
Didn’t work sometimes, but I always worked union.
Even in teaching I’m in a union.
It’s real important.
Okay, now we’re going to have, I can put some bone here for the scapula.
Now, the rest of them, they’re kind of big.
The serratus anterior going around, it’s going about here.
It comes around like this.
Boom, boom, boom.
Okay, so that’s your serratus anterior.
Okay, so we’ve got that.
But it’s deep.
There is another deep one here, and this one is a really crucial union.
These are your erector spinae muscles going like this.
These will screw you up.
You mess with these.
You mess with this union you’re not getting out of a chair.
You’re not bending over.
You’ve got these tubes right here on either side of your spine.
They are nasty.
They are mean, and they are vengeful.
Don’t mess with them.
Make them nice and clean erector spinae muscles.
Okay, let’s see what they’re calling them—longtissamus thoracics.
I just call them the erector spinae muscles.
It works really well.
Now, another deep one is the rhomboid, and that’s going to go like that to your spine.
These were all really deep.
You don’t really see them, but they do kind of pop up to the other muscles.
That’s your rhomboid.
That would be your "Rocky" muscle.
You’re really going to see this on somebody like Rocky or Rambo.
Okay, so we got that.
Then you’ve got this big, huge, freaking muscle man going from the back of your head here.
It’s coming down over the side of your scapula.
It’s going to go down.
It’s going to go around and right down to the center.
Your striations, there are three.
You’re going to have one of them going like this, another one going like this.
Then you have it going long.
Just know that there are three parts to the muscle so you don’t have to try to draw
it all as one.
The rhythm is most important.
We’re going this way with the rhythm this way.
The trick is how do you use these on the job.
My big thing is that my students get jobs.
I want them to have jobs.
Okay, so you see how that works.
That’s your trapezius.
Then going this way.
It’s your latissimus.
It’s going to underneath it.
It’s going to go from up here.
That’s your wing.
This actually goes underneath your trapezius.
Okay, so that’s cool.
That’s your wing.
That’s going to stop here.
Then again, we have this connective tissue.
Then there is our border here.
Coming back down around the side is our external oblique.
That’s your borderline right there.
That’ll come around like that.
Okay, so it’s really fairly simple.
But again, it’s rhythms.
That’s the key.
This arm is up.
Now, on this side, go for that straight line which is right there.
We get this skin.
Oh, there you go.
That’s an interesting concept.
Notice how it all gives us that rhythm.
This one is going to be more squishy on this side.
Poke the pelvis out here.
That’s the top.
This down here is all poh-poh area.
Here is your landmark.
If she was wearing a leotard it would go like that.
She looks pregnant.
We’ve got her poked out.
She’s really poking the rib cage out on that side.
You’ve watch what I’ve done, and now I’m going to ask you to do the same for yourself.
Find a master drawing that you like.
Put some tracing paper over a drawing, a book, or if you have electronic media just put a
layer on top of it and Photoshop and trace over it.
Remember, that we here at New Masters Academy have the most extensive model library.
If you want just go in there and pick out a model and draw from that.
The whole idea is that you understand the assignment and you get to now do it yourself.