- Lesson details
In this series, instructor Sheldon Borenstein shares with you his approach to figure drawing. Sheldon will cover Anatomy in this third part of the series. This final anatomy lesson will focus on the hands and feet–a particularly tricky area to master. Sheldon will use a variety of teaching methods to help you learn, including a fun lecture, demonstrations, and an assignment.
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Transcription not available.
We’re only going to go minimal on this because mostly when you’re drawing the hands and
the feet you’re really seeing the bones.
It’s pretty cool.
So, if we’re looking here with our buddy—see that hand?
That is pretty much the hand, these bones.
So, we’re going to have a bunch of little ones.
We’ll draw them for you a little bit later.
We have these seven little bones: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, and they have a little rhyme for them.
Then you have these long ones here.
Get over here.
These long ones.
Then you have the shorter ones.
Those are your knuckles right here.
This will be this area right here.
These knuckles right here will be right here.
It’s going to be like that.
Here we go.
These knuckles here are right here.
These knuckles are right here, and then the tips are right here.
You see, it’s pretty much the same.
I do all kinds of crazy things in my class.
We’re going to be a little careful in this one.
So you see?
The most important part is that this knuckle here is the highest, and then these go down.
It’s like a curve.
See how it goes around like that?
That’s the most important part.
Then the thumb is out here.
It goes around.
In the inside we have these little tiny bones, but they don’t—they can go like this.
It’s interesting, though, you can move your fingers in, but if you bend down you can’t.
It’s really hard.
If you go like this you can kind of move your fingers in a bit.
When you bend your fingers down like this you can’t because the tendons get really
stiff, and they kind of go in like that.
There is kind of a sheath that goes around here.
It’s kind of like this tube that everything is inside.
I like to tell my college students.
It’s kind of like this condom that kind of fits over.
You want to be careful because I know somebody who hurt their finger and all the fluid stayed
inside that right there.
You know where this one is coming from, and my advice to the students is if they’re
using that condom thing make sure all the fluid stays inside.
So, we got that.
And then you have these long muscles that go along this way, and they bring the fingers back.
As you extensors, and then you have the ones on the inside, and they flex.
Those are your flexors.
Pretty much the same stuff that we already talked about.
They’re Pinocchio muscles.
They start here and they go down.
This right here is your carpal tunnel.
We weren’t really meant to work on computers.
We were meant to just kind of chase things and kill them and eat them.
So, this repetitive motion is really hurting people.
You want to kind of relax your fingers and your hands and go out and catch an animal
and rip its throat out, you know, be a human.
So, you kind of do that.
Step down at the wrist.
I think it’s probably one of the most important things.
You can see we’re stepping down at the wrist and into the hand itself.
This one right here on the thumb side would be your thenar muscles and the one on the
outside would be your hypothenar muscles.
You’re going to find the foot is the same.
This is your calcaneus.
This is your heel.
That’d be like your palm.
Then you have these bones here, which would be like your wrist area, and then you have
the long bones and then the short ones.
So people who can no longer use their arms, they use their feet.
They’re pretty much the same.
They’re pretty cool.
So, the reality is the hand and the feet really are the same.
Let’s take a look and do a little quick drawing on this one.
We’ll do some longer ones later.
Let’s say we got—the most important part is that it has kind of a turn to it like that.
This is the highest knuckle right there.
Go up at the wrist.
Now we have these holes.
Now sometimes we have these cutters in the print shops.
Sometimes in the old days they put their hand in, and it would cut it,
it would take off their finger.
They’re so sharp you wouldn’t even know.
A lot of accidents happened in print shops.
Let’s say we have the blood squirting out.
We just have to replace the blood with these fingers.
There’s one knuckle.
Again, you’re going to use these Pinocchio muscles.
They actually look like rubber bands.
Go to the next one.
Big knuckle here.
More Pinocchio muscles coming down.
We’ll just group these.
Then the thumb is going to come out the side.
Okay, so we’ve got that.
The inside is pretty much the same thing.
We’re going to put the thumb out here.
We’re going to have a big muscle here called the thenar muscle.
Then this will be another big, round muscle, your hypothenar muscle.
It’s going to go this way.
Let that go into the little finger.
Big finger will go here.
We’ll do the smaller muscles.
We’ve got these wonderful nerves that come down.
Some control here.
Some control here.
Some control the center.
Everybody at home do this: Take your hand and take your little finger, your big finger;
touch them together and press really hard.
See that line that’s going down?
That’s your palmaris longus.
It’s a muscle.
It’s missing on some people.
It goes like this, and it goes all the way to your palm.
It’s really cool.
I don’t have one.
I couldn’t donate.
I couldn’t donate a tendon that goes like that.
So, we’ve got that.
We’ve got this little tendons that go like that.
Again, it’s all about rhythm now.
You can draw the most beautiful, beautiful anatomy, but unless the rhythm is working
you’re pretty much in trouble.
You’ll find that the feet are really the same.
We’ll go like this.
That’ll be your tibia, fibula.
This is your calcaneus, which is a heel bone.
That’s your tendon going up to your Achilles tendon.
This is your talus which is a rocky bone.
These rock on top of that.
They’re going to go down.
It’s like a ride.
It’s like you’re skiing.
Kind of a funky toe.
Okay, so we’ve got that.
Let’s see what we have.
Let’s kind of flesh this out a little bit.
We’re going to have a couple little muscles.
I have a little story I talk about the little toe, but I can’t because it’s copyright
infringement, so we’ll leave that one alone.
But, that’s your digiti minimi.
Remember that as like somebody’s girlfriend.
But, this one here, you have a big muscle here, and it’s going to go like this for
the big toe, and I have a true story I can tell you about that.
There is a certain tribe, and I did some research on this.
This tribe, what they found research wise by going out there—I didn’t—is during
the mating season, you know, when they’re mating, the people are mating, to court the
female the male would suck on her big toe.
I didn’t do it.
It’s not my thing.
They would suck on the big toe.
Because it’s a tribe place they didn’t wear shoes.
The feet, they’re like gross.
They’re running around all day long, you know, mud and dirt.
The male would suck on the big toe.
The male would get this horrible bad breath, and that’s when you knew it was mating season
because of the toe stuff in the mouth.
The toe, one of the major muscles, is the hallucis longus, and that’s where they got
the term halitosis for bad breath.
Can you believe it?
Look it up.
So, you’re going to have that right there.
You have this wonderful pad going along like this, and then we’re going to come this way.
Yeah, it’s a true story.
Did you believe that one?
Do you believe all my stories?
Again, these are your Pinocchio muscles like this, and then this is your condyle.
Then you’re going to have your Achilles little bump.
It looks like the back of an old man’s head.
Then these go vroom.
You are going to have a retinaculum somewhere in here,
and that’s going to hold everything together.
It really is very similar to your hands, the feet.
They can be used exactly the same way.
I’m going to demo a lot of hands and feet for you guys, but this is pretty much what
I want you to know for your anatomy.
The other teachers might ask for more, and that’s fine.
In this case, I’m going to be more interested in the shapes and the functionality, how it moves.
That’s really simple.
Just think of the hand as like a torso, you know, it’s like the whole body.
This is the torso, and these are extremities.
You can really do all kinds of stuff.
Doh, doh, doh, doh, doh.
You can sing, you can dance, all kinds of wonderful expressions.
Oh man, I’m a teacher.
We have the sign language.
The professionals who do sign language are amazing.
What you can do with the human hands.
So, just keep in mind that it’s at an angle like this.
So, it’s going this way.
The fingers are pulling in.
Okay, pulling in.
This is the straight finger so now I get to do it to you.
These fingers all bow down to the amazing straight finger.
Then the thumb hangs out.
Everything is going at an angle like this.
Okay, let’s move on.
Think of the hand as an entire person.
You have a torso.
It’s very expressive.
You can group.
I’m going to group these fingers here.
Bring out the pinky here.
Take this down this way into the palm.
Down here this one will be coming towards us to show the front of the hand, top of the hand.
Bring this pinky out like this.
I want to bring this one up.
I want to group.
I’ll bring this one out this way.
I want to try to group the fingers.
It gets really clustery when you draw all the fingers out, so I try to group them.
If you’re showing a drawing in a portfolio, you have to have a hand and a foot or at least one.
You could have the most amazing drawing in the world, but if you don’t show a foot
and a hand, you know, in the drawing we’re going to throw it away.
We’re not going to look at it.
People don’t draw hands and feet.
What they do is they put the hands in the pockets or behind the bodies and all that
kind of stuff because they’re hard to draw.
There’s your foot.
That’s the outside of the foot, and then this will be the inside of the foot.
Okay, and that’s opposite side.
There we go.
I want to take a minute, though.
I did a little research, and I thought I would share it with you.
I’m always wondering, where do they get the name toe from?
It’s such a strange name.
Also, as we learned, the hands and the feet are the same.
But, I did a little research, and I found that—here we go, what came first, the toe
or the Tootsie Roll?
Check this out.
Okay, look, my thumb has joints, right?
Look at this.
This also has the joints.
If we look here this would be my finger, right?
It’s got three joints.
This one here has two joints if we can get them out.
Okay, so like this is your finger.
You can actually sculpt the finger.
Look at that.
That’s your finger.
There is your fingernail right there.
We could bend it.
That would be your finger.
Look, there is your thumb.
But, it’s also your toe just going like that.
Now it’s a toe.
Isn’t that amazing?
You have to kind of wonder, what came first?
The Tootsie roll—and the Tootsie Roll has been around a long time and so has the toe,
but they both have the name Tootsie in it.
So Tootsie on your toe and Tootsie on your roll, and they both have the name Tootsie in it.
The hands, they’re mostly, what you’re going to find with the hand is that it’s
[singing] I’ve got now strings to hold me down.
Watch, everybody go like this.
Take your hand and go like this.
Get it nice and loose, really loose, and then just take your hand right here and squeeze it.
Look what happens.
I’m not doing that.
My brain is going to say pull fingers.
See, my brain did that because I use my brain a lot.
I use my kidneys.
What happens is I’m going to go peace, dude.
This, if I do that that’s my brain.
It’s going to go yo, dude.
Hey, if I do this, I mean if I do this, yeah, peace, right.
That’s my brain doing that.
If I go like this and I get it really loose, and I take my fingers and I press really hard,
that’s my thumb doing it, you know.
It pushes the Pinocchio muscles and it pushes my fingers in.
Try it, man.
So, that’s kind of where we’re at.
But, that’s mostly what it is.
It’s mostly a lot of these white stringy things going like this through your carpal tunnel.
Can I talk to the college students for a second?
When you guys are working can you stop and do some hand exercises?
You know, I’m a college teacher, and I’m the guy out there who really does care about
you and defends you all the time.
I love it when I’m out with people my age and they talk about you guys.
I’m like what students are you talking about?
Oh, there doing all these horrible things.
Dude, they’re playing video games.
No they’re not, they’re doing all these crazy things!
Dude, they’re playing video games, okay.
I’m your defender, alright?
This is going to go like this into your palmarosis here, and that’s going to go all the way
into your fingers, and that’s going to allow you to move.
We’re really going to just focus on a couple major muscles.
This right here, the muscle is going to go and they’re going to stop, and then they’re
going to stop, just allow you to compress your finger.
The big one.
I like to call them your thenar muscles and your hyperthenar muscles, but this will be
your palmaris brevis on this side, and on this one will be your abductor pollicis brevis.
Pretty much the big ones.
But I like to call them thenar and hyperthenar.
So we’re going to go like this.
This is going to be the hyperthenar here.
Then the inside of the palm just treat as drapery.
So it’s going to compress this way.
When you get to the fingers just think of them as box shapes.
Cal-State-Cool, so if the knuckle is here, put the pad over here.
Knuckles here, pads offset.
Then over here is your thenar muscle.
The same thing.
That’s going into your thumb.
Now, in the world of medicine the hands are very specialized.
There are only very selected doctors that operate on the hands.
There are so many muscles on the hands and the feet.
The person who is operating on you is using those hands to do those very finite surgeries.
It’s very, very careful selective surgeries.
Then the feet, oy vey, look at the pressure you’re putting on those feet every day.
The pounding that you do, the running and jumping and all that stuff.
You want to be very, you know, the hands can be really complicated.
So for the artist, really, what are you doing?
Just these two and have some fun on the inside.
Just use those kind of as a drapery.
I like to keep very careful design.
And this one down here, let’s just have a little fun with it.
There is your wave.
Knuckle, knuckle, knuckle.
Here are your tendons.
Coming toward me.
Push it back.
I like to think of a cheerleader whenever I’m working.
She’s always on my shoulder and she’s yelling push it back, push it back, way back!
In other words, you don’t have to draw every little thing.
Push it back.
The feet, they’re the same.
Let’s see what we got here.
There is your heel.
This is your talus.
Okay, so for the feet this is on the inside here.
The big toe, let’s just call it a hallucis.
And for the little toe, let’s just call it a digiti minimi.
This will be Sheldon’s guide to anatomy.
Mostly what you’re dealing with are these flowing tendons.
Let’s go ahead and—and then the rhythms.
I like drawing the inside better because you get this nice arch.
The outside is kind of dull.
With the outside probably the thing to do will be to hit this pad area here and then
do the cute little toe.
The toe itself, and also like with your finger.
Think of it as like a box shape.
Then the toenail is what tells you the direction.
Okay, so if it’s going away, I have a finger going away there is your box.
Now it’s definitely going away.
Then this goes like that.
Now that’s going away from us.
So really, if you just drew a shape—let’s just do a wobbly shape.
If I go like this, just by putting in a really solid shape for the fingernail it’ll tell
us what direction we’re going.
See, so you don’t even have to worry about the rest of it.
So, think of Pinocchio when you’re drawing the hands and feet.
Try to group as much as you can.
Make sure you put some kind of hand and foot in everything you draw, or else do not show
it in a portfolio because we will be looking for that.
When I was on a review board that’s what I looked at.
I rejected so many portfolios because we were doing a realistic movie.
We had a lot of hands and feet in the movie, so I needed to have people who could draw those.
You’ve watched what I’ve done.
Now I’m going to ask you to the same for yourself.
Find a master drawing that you like and put some tracing paper over a drawing in a book,
or if you have electronic media just put a layer on top of it and Photoshop and trace over it.
Remember that we here at New Masters Academy have the most extensive model library, and
if you want just go in there and pick a model and draw from that.
The whole idea is that you understand the assignment and you get to now do it yourself.